Amenhotep I.

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Kamena glava Amenhotepa I.

Amenhotep I (nekad navođen kao Amenofis I što znači "Amon je zadovoljan") je bio drugi faraon 18. dinastije Drevnog Egipta. Njegova vladavina se obično stavlja u razdoble od 1526. do 1506. pr. Kr. Rođen je kao sin faraona Ahmosea I i kraljice Ahmose-Nefertari, ali je imao najmanje dva starija brata, Ahmose-ankha i Ahmose Sapaira, te se nije očekivalo da bi mogao naslijediti prijestolje. Međutim, između 8. i 17. godine vladavine Ahmosea I i njegove smrti, njegov je prijestonasljednik umro te je Amenhotep preuzeo vlast.[1] Potom je preuzeo prijestolje i vladao oko 21 godina.[2] Iako njegova vladavina nije dobro dokumentirana, moguće je rekonstruirati najvažnije događaje. Naslijedio je kraljevstvo stvoreno očevima osvajanjima te je održao dominaciju nad Nubijom i Donjim Egiptom, ali vjerojatno nije pokušavao održavati egipatsku vlast nad Levantom. Nastavio je graditi hramove u Gornjem Egiptu, te je revolucionirao dizajn zagrobnih hramova odijelivši svoju grobnicu od kultnog, tj. posmrtnog hrama, uspostavivši običaj koji će se održati kroz Novo kraljevstvo. Nakon smrti je štovan kao bog-zaštitnik tebanske nekropole i Deir al-Madine.[3]

Izvori[uredi VE | uredi]

  1. Dodson & Hilton (2004) p.126
  2. Manetho - translated by W.G. Waddell, Loeb Classical Library, 1940, p.109
  3. Amenhotep I. British Museum. pristupljeno 2007-05-20

Literatura[uredi VE | uredi]

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  • Ashton, Sally; and Spanel, Donald. "Portraiture," The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt. Ed. Donald Redford. Vol. 3, pp.55-59. Oxford University Press, 2001.
  • v. Beckerath, Jürgen. Chronologie des Pharaonischen Ägypten. Verlag Philipp von Zabern, 1997.
  • Bleiberg, Edward. "Amenhotep I," The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt. Ed. Donald Redford. Vol. 1, p.71. Oxford University Press, 2001.
  • Borchardt, Ludwig. Altägyptische Zeitmessung (Die Geschichte der Zeitmessung und der Uhren) I. Berlin and Leipzig, 1920.
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  • Clayton, Peter. Chronicle of the Pharaohs. Thames and Hudson Ltd, 2006.
  • Dodson, Aidan. Amenhotep I and Deir el-Bahri. Journal of the Ancient Chronology Forum, vol.3, 1989/90
  • Dodson, Aidan and Hilton, Dyan. The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London, 2004
  • Freed, Rita E. "Art," The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt. Ed. Donald Redford. Vol. 1, pp.127-136. Oxford University Press, 2001.
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  • Helk, Wolfgang. Historisch-biographische Texte der 2. Zwischenzeit und neue Texte der 18. Dynastie. Wiesbaden, 1975.
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  • Nelson, Harold H. Certain Reliefs at Karnak and Medinet Habu and the Ritual of Amenophis I. Journal of Near Eastern Studies, Vol. 8, No. 3 (Jul., 1949)
  • Nelson, Harold H. Certain Reliefs at Karnak and Medinet Habu and the Ritual of Amenophis I-(Concluded). Journal of Near Eastern Studies, Vol. 8, No. 4 (Oct., 1949)
  • Redford, Donald The Chronology of the Eighteenth Dynasty, Journal of Near Eastern Studies, vol. 25 (1966).
  • Shaw, Ian. Exploring Ancient Egypt. Oxford University Press, 2003.
  • Shaw, Ian; and Nicholson, Paul. The Dictionary of Ancient Egypt. The British Museum Press, 1995.
  • Steindorff, George; and Seele, Keith. When Egypt Ruled the East. University of Chicago, 1942.
  • Wente, Edward F. Thutmose III's Accession and the Beginning of the New Kingdom. Journal of Near Eastern Studies, University of Chicago Press, 1975.
  • West, Stephanie. Cultural Interchange over a Water-Clock. The Classical Quarterly, New Series, Vol. 23, No. 1, May, 1973.


Vanjske poveznice[uredi VE | uredi]