Agava

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Agava
Agave americana
Agave americana
Sistematika
Carstvo: Plantae
Divizija: Magnoliophyta
Razred: Liliopsida
Red: Asparagales
Porodica: Asparagaceae
Potporodica: Agavoideae
Rod: Agave
L., 1753.

Agava (loparina; lat. Agave) je biljni rod nekad pripisivan vlastitoj porodici Agavaceae, a danas porodici Asparagaceae i potporodici Agavoideae. Rodu Agave pripada 200 vrsta.

Uglavnom raste u Meksiku, premda se može pronaći u južnim i zapadnim dijelovima Sjedinjenih Američkih Država i središnjim i tropskim dijelovima Južne Amerike. Ove biljke imaju velike rozete mesnatih listova, koji uglavnom imaju oštar vrh i bodljikav rub. Debela stabljika je obično kratka, a čini se kao da listovi rastu izravno iz korijena. Uz biljke iz bliskog roda Yucca, razne vrste agave popularne su kao ukrasne biljke.

Svaka rozeta jednom cvijeta, a zatim uvene. Tijekom cvatnje, visoka stabiljka raste iz središta biljke i nosi veliki broj malih cvjetova. Nakon donošenja ploda, prvobitna biljka uvene, ali mladice često nastaju iz osnove stabljike od kojih nastaje nova biljka. Zbog ovoga se često pogrešno misli, da je agava kaktus.

Alkoholno piće tequila radi se od agave.

Vrste[uredi VE | uredi]

  1. Agave abisaii A.Vázquez & Nieves
  2. Agave acicularis Trel.
  3. Agave acklinicola Trel.
  4. Agave × ajoensis W.C.Hodgs.
  5. Agave aktites Gentry
  6. Agave albescens Trel.
  7. Agave alboaustralis (E.Solano & Ríos-Gómez) Thiede
  8. Agave albomarginata Gentry
  9. Agave albopilosa I.Cabral, Villarreal & A.E.Estrada
  10. Agave americana L.
  11. Agave andreae Sahagún & A.Vázquez
  12. Agave angustiarum Trel.
  13. Agave angustifolia Haw.
  14. Agave anomala Trel.
  15. Agave antillarum Descourt.
  16. Agave apedicellata Thiede & Eggli
  17. Agave applanata K.Koch
  18. Agave arcedianoensis Cházaro, O.M.Valencia & A.Vázquez
  19. Agave × arizonica Gentry & J.H.Weber
  20. Agave arubensis Hummelinck
  21. Agave asperrima Jacobi
  22. Agave atrovirens Karw. ex Salm-Dyck
  23. Agave attenuata Salm-Dyck
  24. Agave aurea Brandegee
  25. Agave avellanidens Trel.
  26. Agave azurea R.H.Webb & G.D.Starr
  27. Agave bahamana Trel.
  28. Agave bicolor (E.Solano & García-Mend.) Thiede & Eggli
  29. Agave boldinghiana Trel.
  30. Agave bovicornuta Gentry
  31. Agave braceana Trel.
  32. Agave bracteosa S.Watson ex Engelm.
  33. Agave brevipetala Trel.
  34. Agave brevispina Trel.
  35. Agave brittoniana Trel.
  36. Agave brunnea S.Watson
  37. Agave bulbulifera (Castillejos & E.Solano) Thiede
  38. Agave bulliana (Baker) Thiede & Eggli
  39. Agave cacozela Trel.
  40. Agave cajalbanensis A.Álvarez
  41. Agave calodonta A.Berger
  42. Agave cantala (Haw.) Roxb. ex Salm-Dyck
  43. Agave caribaeicola Trel.
  44. Agave caymanensis Proctor
  45. Agave cerulata Trel.
  46. Agave chamelensis (E.J.Lott & Verh.-Will.) Thiede & Eggli
  47. Agave chazaroi A.Vázquez & O.M.Valencia
  48. Agave chiapensis Jacobi
  49. Agave chrysantha Peebles
  50. Agave chrysoglossa I.M.Johnst.
  51. Agave cocui Trel.
  52. Agave coetocapnia (M.Roem.) Govaerts & Thiede
  53. Agave collina Greenm.
  54. Agave colorata Gentry
  55. Agave confertiflora Thiede & Eggli
  56. Agave congesta Gentry
  57. Agave convallis Trel.
  58. Agave cundinamarcensis A.Berger
  59. Agave cupreata Trel. & A.Berger
  60. Agave dasylirioides Jacobi & C.D.Bouché
  61. Agave datylio F.A.C.Weber
  62. Agave debilis A.Berger
  63. Agave decipiens Baker
  64. Agave delamateri W.C.Hodgs. & Slauson
  65. Agave demeesteriana Jacobi
  66. Agave deserti Engelm.
  67. Agave difformis A.Berger
  68. Agave doctorensis L.Hern. & Magallán
  69. Agave dolichantha Thiede & Eggli
  70. Agave durangensis Gentry
  71. Agave dussiana Trel.
  72. Agave eggersiana Trel.
  73. Agave ellemeetiana Jacobi
  74. Agave ensifera Jacobi
  75. Agave evadens Trel.
  76. Agave felgeri Gentry
  77. Agave filifera Salm-Dyck
  78. Agave flexispina Trel.
  79. Agave fortiflora Gentry
  80. Agave fourcroydes Lem.
  81. Agave funkiana K.Koch & C.D.Bouché
  82. Agave fusca (Ravenna) Thiede & Eggli
  83. Agave galvaniae (A.Castañeda, S.Franco & García-Mend.) Etter & Kristen
  84. Agave garciae-mendozae Galván & L.Hern.
  85. Agave geminiflora (Tagl.) Ker Gawl.
  86. Agave gentryi B.Ullrich
  87. Agave ghiesbreghtii Verschaff.
  88. Agave gigantensis Gentry
  89. Agave gilbertii A.Berger
  90. Agave × glomeruliflora (Engelm.) A.Berger
  91. Agave gomezpompae Cházaro & Jimeno-Sevilla
  92. Agave gracielae Galvan & Zamudio
  93. Agave gracilipes Trel.
  94. Agave gracillima A.Berger
  95. Agave graminifolia (Rose) Govaerts & Thiede
  96. Agave grisea Trel.
  97. Agave guadalajarana Trel.
  98. Agave guerrerensis (Matuda) G.D.Rowley
  99. Agave guiengola Gentry
  100. Agave guttata Jacobi & C.D.Bouché
  101. Agave gypsophila Gentry
  102. Agave harrisii Trel.
  103. Agave hauniensis J.B.Petersen
  104. Agave havardiana Trel.
  105. Agave hiemiflora Gentry
  106. Agave hookeri Jacobi
  107. Agave horrida Lem. ex Jacobi
  108. Agave howardii (Verh.-Will.) Thiede & Eggli
  109. Agave hurteri Trel.
  110. Agave impressa Gentry
  111. Agave inaequidens K.Koch
  112. Agave inaguensis Trel.
  113. Agave indagatorum Trel.
  114. Agave intermixta Trel.
  115. Agave involuta (McVaugh) Thiede & Eggli
  116. Agave isthmensis A.García-Mend. & F.Palma
  117. Agave jaiboli Gentry
  118. Agave jaliscana (Rose) A.Berger
  119. Agave jarucoensis A.Álvarez
  120. Agave jimenoi Cházaro & A.Vázquez
  121. Agave justosierrana (García-Mend.) Thiede
  122. Agave karatto Mill.
  123. Agave karwinskii Zucc.
  124. Agave kavandivi García-Mend. & C.Chávez
  125. Agave kerchovei Lem.
  126. Agave kewensis Jacobi
  127. Agave kristenii A.Vázquez & Cházaro
  128. Agave lagunae Trel.
  129. Agave lecheguilla Torr.
  130. Agave littoralis (García-Mend., A.Castañeda & S.Franco) Thiede & Eggli
  131. Agave longibracteata (Verh.-Will.) Thiede & Eggli
  132. Agave longiflora (Rose) G.D.Rowley
  133. Agave longipes Trel.
  134. Agave macroacantha Zucc.
  135. Agave maculata Regel
  136. Agave madrensis Villarreal, Ram.-Gam. & A.E.Estrada
  137. Agave manantlanicola Cuevas & Santana-Michel
  138. Agave mapisaga Trel.
  139. Agave margaritae Brandegee
  140. Agave marmorata Roezl
  141. Agave maximiliana Baker
  142. Agave mckelveyana Gentry
  143. Agave melanacantha Lem. ex Jacobi
  144. Agave michoacana (M.Cedano, Delgad. & Enciso) Thiede & Eggli
  145. Agave microceps (Kimnach) A.Vázquez & Cházaro
  146. Agave millspaughii Trel.
  147. Agave minor Proctor
  148. Agave missionum Trel.
  149. Agave mitis Mart.
  150. Agave montana Villarreal
  151. Agave montium-sancticaroli García-Mend.
  152. Agave moranii Gentry
  153. Agave multicolor (E.Solano & Dávila) Thiede
  154. Agave multifilifera Gentry
  155. Agave murpheyi Gibson
  156. Agave nanchititlensis (Matuda) ined.
  157. Agave nashii Trel.
  158. Agave nayaritensis Gentry
  159. Agave neocernua Thiede
  160. Agave neonelsonii Thiede & Eggli
  161. Agave neopringlei Thiede & Eggli
  162. Agave nickelsiae Rol.-Goss.
  163. Agave nizandensis Cutak
  164. Agave nuusaviorum García-Mend.
  165. Agave oaxacana (García-Mend. & E.Solano) Thiede
  166. Agave obscura Schiede ex Schltdl.
  167. Agave ocahui Gentry
  168. Agave offoyana De Smet ex Jacobi
  169. Agave ornithobroma Gentry
  170. Agave oroensis Gentry
  171. Agave ortgiesiana (Baker) Trel.
  172. Agave ovatifolia G.D.Starr & Villarreal
  173. Agave pablocarrilloi A.Vázquez, Muñiz-Castro & Padilla-Lepe
  174. Agave pachycentra Trel.
  175. Agave palmeri Engelm.
  176. Agave palustris (Rose) Thiede & Eggli
  177. Agave panamana Trel.
  178. Agave paniculata (L.Hern., R.A.Orellana & Carnevali) Thiede
  179. Agave papyrocarpa Trel.
  180. Agave parrasana A.Berger
  181. Agave parryi Engelm.
  182. Agave parva (Aarón Rodr.) Thiede
  183. Agave parvidentata Trel.
  184. Agave parviflora Torr.
  185. Agave pax Gir.-Cañas
  186. Agave peacockii Croucher
  187. Agave pelona Gentry
  188. Agave pendula Schnittsp.
  189. Agave petiolata Trel.
  190. Agave petrophila A.García-Mend. & E.Martínez
  191. Agave petskinil (R.A.Orellana, L.Hern. & Carnevali) Thiede
  192. Agave phillipsiana W.C.Hodgs.
  193. Agave pintilla S.González, M.González & L.Reséndiz
  194. Agave planifolia S.Watson
  195. Agave platyphylla (Rose) Thiede & Eggli
  196. Agave polianthes Thiede & Eggli
  197. Agave polianthiflora Gentry
  198. Agave polyacantha Haw.
  199. Agave potatorum Zucc.
  200. Agave potosina B.L.Rob. & Greenm.
  201. Agave potreriana Trel.
  202. Agave pratensis A.Berger
  203. Agave pringlei Engelm. ex Baker
  204. Agave producta Thiede & Eggli
  205. Agave pubescens Regel & Ortgies
  206. Agave × pumila De Smet ex Baker
  207. Agave quilae (Art.Castro & Aarón Rodr.) Thiede & Govaerts
  208. Agave revoluta Klotzsch
  209. Agave rhodacantha Trel.
  210. Agave rosei Thiede & Eggli
  211. Agave rovelliana Tod.
  212. Agave rutteniae Hummelinck
  213. Agave rzedowskiana P.Carrillo, Vega & R.Delgad.
  214. Agave salmiana Otto ex Salm-Dyck
  215. Agave scabra Ortega
  216. Agave scaposa Gentry
  217. Agave schidigera Lem.
  218. Agave schneideriana A.Berger
  219. Agave schottii Engelm.
  220. Agave sebastiana Greene
  221. Agave seemanniana Jacobi
  222. Agave shaferi Trel.
  223. Agave shawii Engelm.
  224. Agave shrevei Gentry
  225. Agave sileri (Verh.-Will.) Thiede & Eggli
  226. Agave singuliflora (S.Watson) A.Berger
  227. Agave sisalana Perrine
  228. Agave sobolifera Houtt.
  229. Agave sobria Brandegee
  230. Agave spicata Cav.
  231. Agave stictata Thiede & Eggli
  232. Agave striata Zucc.
  233. Agave stricta Salm-Dyck
  234. Agave stringens Trel.
  235. Agave subsimplex Trel.
  236. Agave tecta Trel.
  237. Agave temacapulinensis A.Vázquez & Cházaro
  238. Agave tenuifolia Zamudio & E.Sánchez
  239. Agave tequilana F.A.C.Weber
  240. Agave thomasiae Trel.
  241. Agave titanota Gentry
  242. Agave toumeyana Trel.
  243. Agave triangularis Jacobi
  244. Agave tubulata Trel.
  245. Agave turneri R.H.Webb & Salazar-Ceseña
  246. Agave umbrophila (García-Mend.) Thiede
  247. Agave underwoodii Trel.
  248. Agave undulata Klotzsch
  249. Agave univittata Haw.
  250. Agave utahensis Engelm.
  251. Agave valenciana Cházaro & A.Vázquez
  252. Agave variegata Jacobi
  253. Agave vazquezgarciae Cházaro & J.A.Lomelí
  254. Agave vera-cruz Mill.
  255. Agave verdensis W.C.Hodgs. & Salywon
  256. Agave verhoekiae (García-Mend.) Thiede
  257. Agave vicina Trel.
  258. Agave victoriae-reginae T.Moore
  259. Agave vilmoriniana A.Berger
  260. Agave virginica L.
  261. Agave vivipara L.
  262. Agave vizcainoensis Gentry
  263. Agave wallisii Jacobi
  264. Agave warelliana De Smet ex T.Moore & Mast.
  265. Agave weberi J.F.Cels ex J.Poiss.
  266. Agave wercklei F.A.C.Weber ex Wercklé
  267. Agave wildingii Tod.
  268. Agave wocomahi Gentry
  269. Agave xylonacantha Salm-Dyck
  270. Agave yavapaiensis W.C.Hodgs. & Salywon
  271. Agave zapopanensis (E.Solano & Ríos-Gómez) Thiede
  272. Agave zebra Gentry
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