Centar za restauriranje i istraživanja francuskih muzeja

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Centar za istraživanja i restauriranje francuskih muzeja (C2RMF Centre de recherche et de restauration des musées de France )je nacionalna istraživačka ustanova u Francuskoj ,zadužena za dokumentiranje,konzerviranje restauriranje i istraživanja kulturne baštine koja se čuva u više od 1,200 francuskih muzeja.Aktivnosti centra nisu samo orijentirane na nacionalnu francusku baštinu već centar djeluje i na međunarodnoj razini.[1]

Centar je utemeljen administrativnom odlukom 1998., donešenom od Catherine Trautmann,ondašnjom ministricom kulture i komunikacija .[2] Odlučeno je da se spoje 2 nacionalne institucije - Laboratoire de recherche des musées de France i Service de restauration des musées de France .

Godine 2005 Christiane Naffah je od strane nadležnog ministra postavljena za ravnateljicu centra .Ona je radila kao kustos u Francuskom nacionalnom muzeju od 1977, a prije toga radila je u Louvreu,te Musée du Quai Branly.Bila je i ravnateljica Instituta za arapski svijet. [3] Trenutačno je ravnateljica centra Marie Lavandier.

U centru je od 1930tih, analitički obrađeno i restaurirano više od 174,000 slika,te 34 000 objekata,normalno u ove su aktivnosti tada bili uključeni prije spomenuti prethodnici centra.[4]

Ključne aktivnosti centra C2RMF fokusirane su na proučavanje umjetničkih djela, kako na nacionalnoj tako i na međunarodnoj razini.Prije bilo kakove akvizicije za neki muzej obavezno se predmeti prvo detaljno istraže znanstvenim metodama.Centar također radi na naputcima za preventivnu zaštitu koji se pak provode u svim francuskim muzejima.

Oprema koju centar posjeduje na svjetskoj je razini, a neki od uređaja koji se koriste jedinstveni su ,poput akceleratora AGLAE. Istraživanja koja se provode usmjerena su na fizičku i kemijsku karakterizaciju materijala,starenje materijala,održavanje baze podataka,analize slika,te digitalizacija i 3D modeliranje.

C2RMF je svakako jedan od u svijetu vodećih i najiskusnijih po pitanju znanstvene analize umjetničkih djela.Po pitanju spoznaja o najrecentnijim tehnikama ispitivanja poput 3D snimanja najrazličitijih predmeta centar je također vodeći u svijetu.Najnovija su istraživanja usmjerena na multispektralno snimanje slika,[5] ontologiju i semantičke mreže,kao i 3D modeliranje slika i objekata.[6] Nadalje, centar je postigao i značajne rezultate sa Open Source database management sustavom koji daje multilingvalni pristup (17 jezika) specijaliziranim vokabularima za muzejski sektor,te semantičko sučelje za pretragu rezultata.



Dodatna literatura[uredi VE | uredi]

Boutaine, Jean Louis (2006). “The modern museum”, Physical Techniques in the Study of Art, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage, vol. 1, str. 1–40, Amsterdam: Elsevier ISBN 0-444-52131-3
Brandt-Grau, Astrid (2002). "Research in the field of conservation of cultural heritage at the French Ministry of Culture and Communication". in Miloš Drdácký (dir. and coord.) (PDF workshop presentation). Proceedings of ARIADNE 10 – New materials and technologies for conservation and safeguarding of cultural heritage. Advanced Research Initiation Assisting and Developing Networks in Europe (ARIADNE), Workshop 10 (Prague: April 22–28, 2002), published online as:. Prague: Advanced Research Centre for Cultural Heritage Interdisciplinary Projects [ARCCHIP], Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic. http://www.arcchip.cz/w10/w10_brandt-grau.pdf. Retrieved 2008-04-24. 
Calligaro, Thomas (svibnja 2003). "Application of photo-detection to art and archaeology at the C2RMF". Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment 77 (1–4): 66–70
Castaing, Jacques (2006). "Analysis of Art Works and Nuclear Physics at the Laboratory of Centre de recherche et de restauration des musées de France". Nuclear Physics News 16 (4): 4–10
Colantoni, Philippe; Denis Pitzalis; Ruven Pillay; Geneviève Aitken (2007). "GPU Spectral Viewer: Analysing Paintings from a Colorimetric Perspective". in D. Arnold, F. Niccolucci and A. Chalmers (eds.). VAST07: The 8th International Symposium on Virtual Reality, Archaeology and Intelligent Cultural Heritage: Proceedings. Brighton, UK: Eurographics Association. 
EU-ARTECH (2004). AGLAE. Transnational Access: General Information. Access, Research and Technology for the conservation of the European Cultural Heritage (Eu-ARTECH) pristupljeno 27. travnja 2008.
Lahanier, Christian (2004). “Information technologies applied to scientific examination of museum collections”, Physics Methods in Archaeometry: Proceedings of the International School of Physics "Enrico Fermi", Varenna on Lake Como, Villa Monastero, 17–27 June 2003, str. 155–178, Amsterdam: IOS Press, © Società Italiana di Fisica ISBN 1-58603-424-3
Lövestam, N.E. Göran (svibnja 1993). "The AGLAE scanning nuclear microprobe setup". Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research. Section B, Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 77 (1–4): 66–70
Maurus, Véronique (2006). La vie secrète du Louvre, Jean-Christophe Ballot (photo illus.) (francuski), Brussels: Renaissance Du Livre, in association with Le Monde ISBN 2-87415-615-9
Menu, Michel (siječnja 1990). "The dedicated accelerator-based IBA facility AGLAE at the Louvre". Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research. Section B, Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 45 (1–4): 610–614
Naffah, Christiane (2007). "Science applied to museum collections" (PDF of conference presentation). The Protection of Cultural Heritage from Air Pollution: The need for effective local policy, maintenance and conservation strategies. 2nd joint workshop (Paris-Louvre: 15–16 March 2007). Stockholm: EU Project CULT-STRAT and ICP Materials Task Force of the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution. EU contract no. SSPI-CT-2004-501609. Archived from the original on 3 Listopad 2011. https://web.archive.org/web/20111003194654/http://www.corr-institute.se/cultstrat/Second%20workshop_backup/1st%20session/Presentation%20C2RMF%20CNA.pdf. Retrieved 2008-04-23. 
Pillay, Ruven; Geneviève Aitken; Denis Pitzalis; Christian Lahanier (2007). "Archive Visualization and Exploitation at the C2RMF". in J. Trant and D. Bearman (eds.). International Cultural Heritage Informatics Meeting (ICHIM07): Proceedings. Toronto: Archives & Museum Informatics. OCLC 153578634. http://www.archimuse.com/ichim07/papers/pillay/pillay.html. Retrieved 2008-04-22. 
Pitzalis, Denis; Christian Lahanier; Geneviève Aitken; Ruven Pillay; Karina Rodriguez-Echavarria; David B. Arnold (2007). "3D techniques to create interactive virtual museums: The state of the art in the epoch noe". in José Braz, Pere-Pau Vàzquez and Joao Madeiras Pereira (eds.). GRAPP 2007, Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Computer Graphics Theory and Applications. Barcelona: INSTICC - Institute for Systems and Technologies of Information, Control and Communication. 
SCHEMA (2002). Centre for Research and Restoration of the Museums of France. Project Consortium: Partners. Informatics and Telematics Institute (ITI) pristupljeno 23. travnja 2008.

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