Mammillaria

Izvor: Wikipedija
Skoči na: orijentacija, traži
Mammillaria
Mammillaria baumii
Status zaštite
Sistematika
Carstvo: Plantae
Koljeno: Magnoliophyta
Razred: Magnoliopsida
Red: Caryophyllales
Porodica: Cactaceae
Potporodica: Cactoideae
Tribus: Cacteae
Rod: Mammillaria
Haw.
Područje života
vrste

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Mammillaria je jedan od največih rodova među kaktusima, do danas je poznata 185 vrsta iz ovog roda[1]. Prvi puta ga je opisao Carl Linné godine 1753. Glavno obilježje ovog roda je aureola koja je podjeljena u dva jasno odvojena djela.

Kaktusi iz ove porodice su obično mali: široki su od 1 do 20 cm, visoki su od 1 do 40 cm

Cvjetovi su veličine od 7 mm do 40 mm. Boja cvjetova je od bijele, zelene, žute do roze i crvene. Plodovi su crvene boje no ponekad i žute, bijele ili zelene. Neki kaktusi imaju plodove uraštene u tijelo. Sjeme im je crne ili smeđe boje, od 1 do 3 mm veličine.

Mammillarie imaju ekstremne varijacije od vrste do vrste, i jako atraktivne cvjetove, što ih čini jako zanimljivima uzgajivačima kaktusa.

Kaktuse Mammillarie je vrlo lako uzgajati, i s obzirom na druge vrste su jako izdržljivi.

Večina Mammillaria potječe iz Meksika, ali neke dolaze i iz Jugozapada SAD,Kariba, Kolumbije, Venecuele i Gvatemale.

Uzgoj[uredi VE | uredi]

To su veoma poznate patuljaste biljke, soliterne ili u nakupinama, lijepih bodljika i cvjetova koji se pojavljuju svake godine. Veliki broj ovih vrsta traži normalne uvjete, ali postoje iznimke, kao što su Mammillaria bombycina, Mammillaria martinezii, Mammillaria microcarpa, Mammillaria schiedeana, Mammillaria solisii i Mammillaria tolimensis koje zahtjevaju manje zalijevanje. Za ove kaktuse u vlažnijim područjima dodaje se mješavina zemlje sa 25% zrnatog pijeska.

Vrste[uredi VE | uredi]

  • Mammillaria albicans (Britton & Rose) A. Berger
  • Mammillaria albicans subsp. fraileana (Britton & Rose) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria albicoma Boed.
  • Mammillaria albiflora Backeb.
  • Mammillaria albilanata Backeb.
  • Mammillaria albilanata subsp. oaxacana D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria albilanata subsp. reppenhagenii (D.R. Hunt) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria alversonii (J.M. Coult.) Zeiss.
  • Mammillaria amajacensis Brachet & M. Lacoste
  • Mammillaria anniana Glass & R.C. Foster
  • Mammillaria armillata K. Brandegee
  • Mammillaria aureilanata Backeb.
  • Mammillaria aurihamata Boed.
  • Mammillaria backebergiana F.G. Buchenau
  • Mammillaria backebergiana subsp. ernestii (Fittkau) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria barbata Engelm.
  • Mammillaria baumii Boed.
  • Mammillaria beneckei Ehrenb.
  • Mammillaria berkiana A.B. Lau
  • Mammillaria blossfeldiana Boed.
  • Mammillaria bocasana Poselger
  • Mammillaria bocasana subsp. eschauzieri (J.M. Coult.) Fitz Maurice & B. Fitz Maurice
  • Mammillaria bocensis Craig
  • Mammillaria boelderliana Wohlschl.
  • Mammillaria bombycina Quehl
  • Mammillaria boolii G.E. Linds.
  • Mammillaria brandegeei (J.M. Coult.) K. Brandegee
  • Mammillaria brandegeei subsp. gabbii (Engelm. ex J.M. Coult.) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria brandegeei subsp. glareosa (Boed.) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria brandegeei subsp. lewisiana (H.E. Gates) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria capensis (H.E. Gates) Craig
  • Mammillaria carmenae Castañeda
  • Mammillaria carnea Zucc. ex Pfeiff.
  • Mammillaria carretii Rebut ex K. Schum.
  • Mammillaria cerralboa (Britton & Rose) Orcutt
  • Mammillaria chionocephala J.A. Purpus
  • Mammillaria coahuilensis (Boed.) Moran
  • Mammillaria coahuilensis subsp. albiarmata (Boed.) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria columbiana Salm-Dyck
  • Mammillaria columbiana subsp. yucatanensis (Britton & Rose) D.R.Hunt
  • Mammillaria compressa DC.
  • Mammillaria compressa subsp. centralifera (Repp.) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria crinita DC.
  • Mammillaria crinita subsp. leucantha (Boed.) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria crinita subsp. painteri (Rose) U. Guzmán
  • Mammillaria crinita subsp. scheinvariana (R. Ortega & Glass in Glass) Fitz Maurice & B. Fitz Maurice
  • Mammillaria crinita subsp. wildii (A. Dietr.) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria crucigera Mart.
  • Mammillaria crucigera subsp. tlalocii (Repp.) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria decipiens Scheidw.
  • Mammillaria decipiens subsp. albescens (Tiegel) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria decipiens subsp. camptotricha (Dams) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria deherdtiana Farwig
  • Mammillaria deherdtiana subsp. dodsonii (Bravo) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria densispina (J.M. Coult.) Orcutt
  • Mammillaria deserti Engelm.
  • Mammillaria dioica K. Brandegee
  • Mammillaria dioica subsp. angelensis (R.T. Craig bis) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria dioica subsp. estebanensis (G.E. Linds.) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria dioica f. verhaertiana (Boed.) Neutel.
  • Mammillaria discolor Haw.
  • Mammillaria discolor var. albida (Haage ex Pfeiff.) Salm-Dyck
  • Mammillaria discolor var. nitens (Otto ex Linke) Salm-Dyck
  • Mammillaria discolor subsp. ochoterenae (Bravo) U. Guzmán
  • Mammillaria discolor subsp. schmollii (Bravo) Linzen
  • Mammillaria dixanthocentron Backeb.
  • Mammillaria dixanthocentron subsp. flavicentra (Backeb.) U. Guzmán
  • Mammillaria duoformis R.T. Craig & E.Y. Dawson
  • Mammillaria duwei Rogoz. & Appenz.
  • Mammillaria eichlamii Quehl
  • Mammillaria elongata DC.
  • Mammillaria elongata subsp. echinaria (DC.) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria erythrosperma Boed.
  • Mammillaria evermanniana (Britton & Rose) Orcutt
  • Mammillaria fittkaui Glass & R.C. Foster
  • Mammillaria fittkaui subsp. limonensis (Repp.) Lüthy
  • Mammillaria flavescens (DC.) DC.
  • Mammillaria flavescens var. nivosa (Link ex Pfeiff.) Backeb.
  • Mammillaria formosa Galeotti ex Scheidw.
  • Mammillaria gaumeri (Britton & Rose) Orcutt
  • Mammillaria geminispina Haw.
  • Mammillaria geminispina subsp. leucocentra (O. Berg) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria gigantea Hildm. ex K. Schum.
  • Mammillaria glassii R.A. Foster
  • Mammillaria glassii subsp. ascensionis (Repp.) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria glassii subsp. nominis-dulcis (A.B. Lau) U. Guzmán
  • Mammillaria glassii subsp. siberiensis (A.B. Lau) U. Guzmán
  • Mammillaria glochidiata Mart.
  • Mammillaria goodridgii Scheer
  • Mammillaria gracilis Pfeiff.
  • Mammillaria grahamii Engelm.
  • Mammillaria grusonii Runge
  • Mammillaria guameri Orcutt
  • Mammillaria guelzowiana Werderm.
  • Mammillaria guerreronis (Bravo) Boed.
  • Mammillaria guillauminiana Backeb.
  • Mammillaria guirocobensis Craig
  • Mammillaria haageana Pfeiff.
  • Mammillaria haageana subsp. acultzingensis (Linzen & et al.) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria haageana subsp. conspicua (J.A. Purpus) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria haageana subsp. elegans D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria haageana subsp. meissneri (Ehrenb.) U. Guzmán
  • Mammillaria haageana subsp. san-angelensis (Sánchez-Mej.) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria haageana subsp. vaupelii (Tiegel) U. Guzmán
  • Mammillaria hahniana Werderm.
  • Mammillaria hahniana subsp. bravoae (R.T. Craig) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria hahniana subsp. mendeliana (Bravo) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria hahniana subsp. woodsii (R.T. Craig) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria hamata Lehm.
  • Mammillaria heidiae Krainz
  • Mammillaria hernandezii Glass & R.C. Foster
  • Mammillaria herrerae Werderm.
  • Mammillaria hertrichiana R.T. Craig
  • Mammillaria heyderi Muehlenpf.
  • Mammillaria heyderi subsp. gummifera (Engelm.) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria heyderi subsp. hemisphaerica D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria heyderi subsp. macdougalii (Rose) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria heyderi subsp. meiacantha (Engelm.) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria huitzilopochtli D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria huitzilopochtli subsp. niduliformis (A.B. Lau) Pilbeam
  • Mammillaria humboldtii Ehrenb.
  • Mammillaria hutchisoniana (H.E. Gates) Boed.
  • Mammillaria hutchisoniana subsp. louisae (G.E. Linds.) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria insularis H.E. Gates
  • Mammillaria jaliscana (Britton & Rose) Boed.
  • Mammillaria johnstonii (Britton & Rose) Orcutt
  • Mammillaria karwinskiana Mart.
  • Mammillaria karwinskiana subsp. beiselii (Diers) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria karwinskiana subsp. nejapensis (R.T. Craig & E.Y. Dawson) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria klissingiana Boed.
  • Mammillaria knippeliana Quehl
  • Mammillaria kraehenbuehlii (Krainz) Krainz
  • Mammillaria lanata Orcutt
  • Mammillaria lasiacantha Engelm.
  • Mammillaria lasiacantha subsp. egregia (Backeb. ex Rogoz. & Appenz.) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria lasiacantha subsp. hyalina D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria laui D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria laui subsp. dasyacantha (D.R. Hunt) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria laui subsp. subducta (D.R. Hunt) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria lenta K. Brandegee
  • Mammillaria lindsayi R.T. Craig
  • Mammillaria lloydii (Britton & Rose) Orcutt
  • Mammillaria longicoma (Britton & Rose) A. Berger
  • Mammillaria longiflora (Britton & Rose) A. Berger
  • Mammillaria longiflora subsp. stampferi (Repp.) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria longimamma DC.
  • Mammillaria luethyi G.S. Hinton
  • Mammillaria magallanii Schmoll ex R.T. Craig
  • Mammillaria magnifica F.G. Buchenau
  • Mammillaria magnimamma Haw.
  • Mammillaria magnimamma var. arietina (Lem.) Salm-Dyck
  • Mammillaria mainiae K. Brandegee
  • Mammillaria mammillaris (L.) H.Karst.
  • Mammillaria marksiana Krainz
  • Mammillaria mathildae Kraehenb. & Krainz
  • Mammillaria matudae Bravo
  • Mammillaria mazatlanensis K. Schum.
  • Mammillaria mazatlanensis subsp. patonii (Bravo) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria melaleuca Karw. ex Salm-Dyck
  • Mammillaria melanocentra Poselger
  • Mammillaria melanocentra subsp. linaresensis (R. Wolf & F. Wolf) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria melanocentra subsp. rubrograndis (Repp. & A.B. Lau) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria mercadensis Patoni
  • Mammillaria meyranii Bravo
  • Mammillaria microhelia Werderm.
  • Mammillaria miegiana W. Earle
  • Mammillaria mieheana Tiegel
  • Mammillaria moelleriana Boed.
  • Mammillaria multidigitata W.T. Marshall ex Linds.
  • Mammillaria multihamata Boed.
  • Mammillaria mystax Mart.
  • Mammillaria nana Backeb.
  • Mammillaria napina J.A. Purpus
  • Mammillaria neopalmeri R.T. Craig
  • Mammillaria nivosa Link ex Pfeiff.
  • Mammillaria nunezii (Britton & Rose) Orcutt
  • Mammillaria nunezii subsp. bella (Backeb.) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria orcuttii Boed.
  • Mammillaria ortegae (Britton & Rose) Orcutt
  • Mammillaria oteroi Glass & R. Foster
  • Mammillaria pachycylindrica Backeb.
  • Mammillaria parkinsonii Ehrenb.
  • Mammillaria pectinifera F.A.C. Weber
  • Mammillaria peninsularis (Britton & Rose) Orcutt
  • Mammillaria pennispinosa Krainz
  • Mammillaria pennispinosa subsp. brachytrichion (Lüthy) U. Guzmán
  • Mammillaria pennispinosa subsp. nazasensis (Glass & R. Foster) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria perbella Hildm. ex K. Schum.
  • Mammillaria perezdelarosae Bravo & Scheinvar
  • Mammillaria petrophila K. Brandegee
  • Mammillaria petrophila subsp. arida (Rose ex Quehl) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria petrophila subsp. baxteriana (H.E. Gates) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria petterssonii Hildm.
  • Mammillaria picta Meinsh.
  • Mammillaria picta subsp. viereckii (Boed.) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria pilispina J.A. Purpus
  • Mammillaria plumosa F.A.C. Weber
  • Mammillaria polyedra Mart.
  • Mammillaria polythele Mart.
  • Mammillaria polythele subsp. durispina (Boed.) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria polythele subsp. obconella (Scheidw.) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria pottsii Scheer ex Salm-Dyck
  • Mammillaria prolifera (Mill.) Haw.
  • Mammillaria prolifera subsp. arachnoidea (D.R. Hunt) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria prolifera subsp. haitiensis (K. Schum.) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria prolifera subsp. multiceps (Salm-Dyck) U. Guzmán
  • Mammillaria prolifera subsp. zublerae (Repp.) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria pseudocrucigera R.T. Craig
  • Mammillaria rekoi Vaupel
  • Mammillaria rekoi subsp. aureispina (A.B. Lau) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria rekoi subsp. leptacantha (A.B. Lau) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria rettigiana Boed.
  • Mammillaria rhodantha Link & Otto
  • Mammillaria rhodantha subsp. aureiceps (Lem.) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria rhodantha subsp. fera-rubra (Schmoll ex R.T. Craig) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria rhodantha subsp. mccartenii D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria rhodantha subsp. mollendorffiana (Shurly) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria rhodantha subsp. pringlei (J.M. Coult.) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria roseoalba Boed.
  • Mammillaria ruestii Quehl
  • Mammillaria saboae Glass
  • Mammillaria saboae subsp. goldii (Glass & R.A. Foster) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria saboae subsp. haudeana (A.B. Lau & K. Wagner) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria sanchez-mejoradae R. Gonzalez G.
  • Mammillaria sartorii J.A.Purpus
  • Mammillaria schiedeana Ehrenb. ex Schltdl.
  • Mammillaria schiedeana subsp. dumetorum (J.A. Purpus) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria schiedeana subsp. giselae Lüthy
  • Mammillaria schumannii Hildm.
  • Mammillaria schwarzii Shurly
  • Mammillaria scrippsiana (Britton & Rose) Orcutt
  • Mammillaria sempervivi DC.
  • Mammillaria senilis Lodd. ex Salm-Dyck
  • Mammillaria sheldonii (Britton & Rose) Boed.
  • Mammillaria similis Engelm.
  • Mammillaria sinistrohamata Boed.
  • Mammillaria solisioides Backeb.
  • Mammillaria sphacelata Mart.
  • Mammillaria sphacelata subsp. viperina (J.A. Purpus) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria sphaerica A. Dietr.
  • Mammillaria spinosissima Lem.
  • Mammillaria spinosissima subsp. pilcayensis (Bravo) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria spinosissima subsp. tepoxtlana D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria standleyi (Britton & Rose) Orcutt
  • Mammillaria stella-de-tacubaya Heese
  • Mammillaria supertexta Mart. ex Pfeiff.
  • Mammillaria surculosa Boed.
  • Mammillaria tayloriorum Glass & R.A. Foster
  • Mammillaria tegelbergiana H.E. Gates ex G.E. Linds.
  • Mammillaria tepexicensis J. Meyrán
  • Mammillaria tetrancistra Engelm.
  • Mammillaria theresae Cutak
  • Mammillaria thornberi Orcutt
  • Mammillaria thornberi subsp. yaquensis (R.T. Craig) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria tonalensis D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria uncinata Zucc. ex Pfeiff.
  • Mammillaria varieaculeata Buchenau
  • Mammillaria verhaertiana Boed.
  • Mammillaria vetula Mart.
  • Mammillaria vetula subsp. magneticola (J. Meyrán) U. Guzmán
  • Mammillaria viescensis Rogoz. & Appenz.
  • Mammillaria viridiflora (Britton & Rose) Boed.
  • Mammillaria voburnensis Scheer
  • Mammillaria voburnensis subsp. collinsii (Britton & Rose) U. Guzmán
  • Mammillaria wagneriana Boed.
  • Mammillaria weingartiana Boed.
  • Mammillaria wiesingeri Boed.
  • Mammillaria wiesingeri subsp. apamensis (Repp.) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria winterae Boed.
  • Mammillaria winterae subsp. aramberri D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria wrightii Engelm.
  • Mammillaria wrightii subsp. wilcoxii (Toumey ex K. Schum.) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria xaltianguensis Sánchez-Mej.
  • Mammillaria xaltianguensis subsp. bambusiphila (Repp.) D.R. Hunt
  • Mammillaria zeilmanniana Boed.
  • Mammillaria zephyranthoides Scheidw.
  • Mammillaria zeyeriana Haage ex K. Schum.

Izvori[uredi VE | uredi]

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