Rashladna sredstva

Izvor: Wikipedija
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Rashladna sredstva su sredstva koja se nalaze u rashladnim uređajima, prolaze toplinski ciklus, a služe kao prijenosnici topline. Nekada se upotrebljavao amonijak, koji je zatim zamijenjen sredstvima na bazi klora, fluora i ugljikovodika. Danas se i ta stedstva sve više izbacuju iz upotrebe zbog štetnog utjecaja za okoliš i zamjenjuju se vrlo često prirodnim plinovima. Rashladna sredstva se označavaju R slovom i brojem koji točno određuje njihov kemijski sastav. U sljedećoj tablici su navedeni rashladni plinovi za koje je dana R oznaka (R znači rashladno sredstvo, a dolazi od engleskog Refrigirant), njihovo kemijsko ime i kemijska formula.

Popis rashladnih sredstava[uredi VE | uredi]

R broj Ime Formula
R-10 Tetraklormetan CCl4
R-11 Triklorfluormetan CCl3F
R-12 Diklordifluormetan (Freon 12) CCl2F2
R-12B1 Bromklordifluormetan (Halon 1301) CBrClF2
R-12B2 Dibromdifluormetan CBr2F2
R-13 Klortrifluormetan CClF3
R-13B1 Bromtrifluormetan CF3Br
R-14 Tetrafluormetan CF4
R-20 Triklormetan CHCl3
R-21 Diklorfluormetan CHFCl2
R-22 Klordifluormetan (Freon 22) CHClF2
R-22B1 Bromdifluormetan CHBrF2
R-23 Trifluormetan CHF3
R-30 Diklorometan CH2Cl2
R-31 Klorfluormetan CH2FCl
R-32 Difluormetan CH2F2
R-40 Klorometan CH3Cl
R-41 Fluorometan CH3F
R-50 Metan CH4
R-110 Heksakloretan C2Cl6
R-111 Pentaklorfluoroetan C2FCl5
R-112 1,1,2,2-Tetraklor 2,2-difluoretan C2F2Cl4
R-112a 1,1,1,2-Tetraklor 2,2-difluoretan C2F2Cl4
R-113 1,1,2-Triklortrifluoretan C2F3Cl3
R-113a 1,1,1-Triklortrifluoretan C2F3Cl3
R-114 1,2-Diklortetrafluoretan C2F4Cl2
R-114a 1,1-Diklortetrafluoretan C2F4Cl2
R-114B2 Dibromtetrafluoretan C2F4Br2
R-115 Klorpentafluoretan C2F5Cl
R-116 Heksafluoretan C2F6
R-120 Pentakloretan C2HCl5
R-121 1,1,2,2-Tetraklor-1-fluoretan C2HFCl4
R-121a 1,1,1,2-Tetraklor-2-fluoretan C2HFCl4
R-122 1,1,2-Triklor-2,2-difluoretan C2HF2Cl3
R-122a 1,1,2-Triklor-1,2-difluoretan C2HF2Cl3
R-122b 1,1,1-Triklor-2,2-difluoretan C2HF2Cl3
R-123 2,2-Diklor-1,1,1-trifluoretan C2F3Cl2
R-123a 1,2-Diklor-1,1,2-trifluoretan C2F3Cl2
R-123b 1,1-Diklor-1,2,2-trifluoretan C2F3Cl2
R-124 2-Klor-1,1,1,2-tetrafluoretan C2HF4Cl
R-124a 1-Klor-1,1,2,2-tetrafluoretan C2HF4Cl
R-125 Pentafluoretan C2HF5
R-E125 Difluormetoksi trifluormetan C2HF5O
R-130 1,1,2,2-Tetrakloretan C2H2Cl4
R-130a 1,1,1,2-Tetrakloretan C2H2Cl4
R-131 1,1,2-triklor-2-fluoretan C2H2FCl3
R-131a 1,1,2-triklor-1-fluoretan C2H2FCl3
R-131b 1,1,1-triklor-2-fluoretan C2H2FCl3
R-132 Diklordifluoretan C2H2F2Cl2
R-132a 1,1-Diklor-2,2-difluoretan C2H2F2Cl2
R-132b 1,2-Diklor-1,1-difluoretan C2H2F2Cl2
R-132c 1,1-Diklor-1,2-difluoretan C2H2F2Cl2
R-132bB2 1,2-Dibrom-1,1-difluoretan C2H2Br2F2
R-133 1-Klor-1,2,2-Trifluoretan C2H2F3Cl
R-133a 1-Klor-2,2,2-Trifluoretan C2H2F3Cl
R-133b 1-Klor-1,1,2-Trifluoretan C2H2F3Cl
R-134 1,1,2,2-Tetrafluoretan C2H2F4
R-134a 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoretan C2H2F4
R-E134 Bis (difluormetil)eter C2H2F4O
R-140 1,1,2-Trikloretan C2H3Cl3
R-140a 1,1,1-Trikloretan C2H3Cl3
R-141 1,2-Diklor-1-fluoretan C2H3FCl2
R-141B2 1,2-Dibrom-1-fluoretan C2H3Br2F
R-141a 1,1-Diklor-2-fluoretan C2H3FCl2
R-141b 1,1-Diklor-1-fluoretan C2H3FCl2
R-142 Klordifluoretan C2H3F2Cl
R-142a 1-Klor-1,2-difluoretan C2H3F2Cl
R-142b 1-Klor-1,1-difluoretan C2H3F2Cl
R-143 1,1,2-Trifluoretan C2H3F3
R-143a 1,1,1-Trifluoretan C2H3F3
R-143m Metil trifluormetil eter C2H3F3O
R-E143a 2,2,2-Trifluoretil metil eter C3H5F3O
R-150 1,2-Dikloretan C2H4Cl2
R-150a 1,1-Dikloretan C2H4Cl2
R-151 Klorfluoretan C2H4ClF
R-151a 1-Klor-1-fluoretan C2H4ClF
R-152 1,2-Difluoretan C2H4F2
R-152a 1,1-Difluoretan C2H4F2
R-160 Kloretan C2H5Cl
R-161 Fluoretan C2H5F
R-170 Etan C2H6
R-211 1,1,1,2,2,3,3-Heptaklor-3-fluorpropan C3FCl7
R-212 Heksaklordifluorpropan C3F2Cl6
R-213 1,1,1,3,3-Pentaklor-2,2,3-trifluorpropan C3F3Cl5
R-214 1,2,2,3-Tetraklor-1,1,3,3-tetrafluorpropan C3F4Cl4
R-215 1,1,1-Triklor-2,2,3,3,3-pentafluorpropan C3F5Cl3
R-216 1,2-Diklor-1,1,2,3,3,3-heksafluorpropan C3F6Cl2
R-216ca 1,3-Diklor-1,1,2,2,3,3-heksafluorpropan C3F6Cl2
R-217 [[1-Klor-1,1,2,2,3,3,3-heptafluorpropan C3F7Cl
R-217ba 2-Klor-1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptafluorpropan C3F7Cl
R-218 Oktafluorpropan C3F8
R-221 1,1,1,2,2,3-Heksaklor-3-fluorpropan C3HFCl6
R-222 Pentaklordifluorpropan C3HF2Cl5
R-222c 1,1,1,3,3-Pentaklor-2,2-difluorpropan C3HF2Cl5
R-223 Tetraklortrifluorpropan C3HF3Cl4
R-223ca 1,1,3,3-Tetraklor-1,2,2-trifluorpropan C3HF3Cl4
R-223cb 1,1,1,3-Tetraklor-2,2,3-trifluorpropan C3HF3Cl4
R-224 Triklortetrafluorpropan C3HF4Cl3
R-224ca 1,3,3-Triklor-1,1,2,2-tetrafluorpropan C3HF4Cl3
R-224cb 1,1,3-Triklor-1,2,2,3-tetrafluorpropane C3HF4Cl3
R-224cc 1,1,1-Triklor-2,2,3,3-tetrafluorpropan C3HF4Cl3
R-225 Diklorpentafluorpropan C3HF5Cl2
R-225aa 2,2-Diklor-1,1,1,3,3-pentafluorpropan C3HF5Cl2
R-225ba 2,3-Diklor-1,1,1,2,3-pentafluorpropan C3HF5Cl2
R-225bb 1,2-Diklor-1,1,2,3,3-pentafluorpropan C3HF5Cl2
R-225ca 3,3-Diklor-1,1,1,2,2-pentafluorpropan C3HF5Cl2
R-225cb 1,3-Diklor-1,1,2,2,3-pentafluorpropan C3HF5Cl2
R-225cc 1,1-Diklor-1,2,2,3,3-pentafluorpropan C3HF5Cl2
R-225da 1,2-Diklor-1,1,3,3,3-pentafluorpropan C3HF5Cl2
R-225ea 1,3-Diklor-1,1,2,3,3-pentafluorpropan C3HF5Cl2
R-225eb 1,1-Diklor-1,2,3,3,3-pentafluorpropan C3HF5Cl2
R-226 Klorheksafluorpropan C3HF6Cl
R-226ba 2-Klor-1,1,1,2,3,3-heksafluorpropan C3HF6Cl
R-226ca 3-Klor-1,1,1,2,2,3-heksafluorpropan C3HF6Cl
R-226cb 1-Klor-1,1,2,2,3,3-heksafluorpropan C3HF6Cl
R-226da 2-Klor-1,1,1,3,3,3-heksafluorpropan C3HF6Cl
R-226ea 1-Klor-1,1,2,3,3,3-heksafluorpropan C3HF6Cl
R-227ca 1,1,2,2,3,3,3-Heptafluorpropan C3HF7
R-227ca2 Trifluormetil 1,1,2,2-tetrafluoretil eter C3HF7O
R-227ea 1,1,1,2,3,3,3-Heptafluorpropane C3HF7
R-227me Trifluormetil 1,2,2,2-tetrafluoretil eter C3HF7O
R-231 Pentaklorfluorpropan C3H2FCl5
R-232 Tetraklordifluorpropan C3H2F2Cl4
R-232ca 1,1,3,3-Tetraklor-2,2-difluorpropan C3H2F2Cl4
R-232cb 1,1,1,3-Tetraklor-2,2-difluorpropan C3H2F2Cl4
R-233 Triklortrifluorpropan C3H2F3Cl3
R-233ca 1,1,3-Triklor-2,2,3-trifluorpropan C3H2F3Cl3
R-233cb 1,1,3-Triklor-1,2,2-trifluorpropan C3H2F3Cl3
R-233cc 1,1,1-Triklor-2,2,3-trifluorpropan C3H2F3Cl3
R-234 Diklortetrafluorpropan C3H2F4Cl2
R-234aa 2,2-Diklor-1,1,3,3-tetrafluorpropan C3H2F4Cl2
R-234ab 2,2-Diklor-1,1,1,3-tetrafluorpropan C3H2F4Cl2
R-234ba 1,2-Diklor-1,2,3,3-tetrafluorpropan C3H2F4Cl2
R-234bb 2,3-Diklor-1,1,1,2-tetrafluorpropan C3H2F4Cl2
R-234bc 1,2-Diklor-1,1,2,3-tetrafluorpropan C3H2F4Cl2
R-234ca 1,3-Diklor-1,2,2,3-tetrafluorpropan C3H2F4Cl2
R-234cb 1,1-Diklor-2,2,3,3-tetrafluorpropan C3H2F4Cl2
R-234cc 1,3-Diklor-1,1,2,2-tetrafluorpropan C3H2F4Cl2
R-234cd 1,1-Diklor-1,2,2,3-tetrafluorpropan C3H2F4Cl2
R-234da 2,3-Diklor-1,1,1,3-tetrafluorpropan C3H2F4Cl2
R-234fa 1,3-Diklor-1,1,3,3-tetrafluorpropan C3H2F4Cl2
R-234fb 1,1-Diklor-3,3,3,1-tetrafluorpropan C3H2F4Cl2
R-235 Klorpentafluorpropan C3H2F5Cl
R-235ca 1-Klor-1,2,2,3,3-pentafluorpropan C3H2F5Cl
R-235cb 3-Klor-1,1,1,2,3-pentafluorpropan C3H2F5Cl
R-235cc 1-Klor-1,1,2,2,3-pentafluorpropan C3H2F5Cl
R-235da 2-Klor-1,1,1,3,3-pentafluorpropan C3H2F5Cl
R-235fa 1-Klor-1,1,3,3,3-pentafluorpropan C3H2F5Cl
R-236cb 1,1,1,2,2,3-Heksafluorpropan C3H2F6
R-236ea 1,1,1,2,3,3-Heksafluorpropan C3H2F6
R-236fa 1,1,1,3,3,3-Heksafluorpropan C3H2F6
R-236me 1,2,2,2-Tetrafluoretil difluormetil eter C3H2F6O
R-FE-36 Heksafluorpropan C3H2F6
R-241 Tetraklorfluorpropan C3H3FCl4
R-242 Triklordifluorpropan C3H3F2Cl3
R-243 Diklortrifluorpropan C3H3F3Cl2
R-243ca 1,3-Diklor-1,2,2-trifluorpropan C3H3F3Cl2
R-243cb 1,1-Diklor-2,2,3-trifluorpropan C3H3F3Cl2
R-243cc 1,1-Diklor-1,2,2-trifluorpropan C3H3F3Cl2
R-243da 2,3-Diklor-1,1,1-trifluorpropan C3H3F3Cl2
R-243ea 1,3-Diklor-1,2,3-trifluorpropan C3H3F3Cl2
R-243ec 1,3-Diklor-1,1,2-trifluorpropan C3H3F3Cl2
R-244 Klortetrafluorpropan C3H3F4Cl
R-244ba Klor-1,2,3,3-tetrafluorpropan C3H3F4Cl
R-244bb 2-Klor-1,1,1,2-tetrafluorpropan C3H3F4Cl
R-244ca 3-Klor-1,1,2,2-tetrafluorpropan C3H3F4Cl
R-244cb 1-Klor-1,2,2,3-tetrafluorpropan C3H3F4Cl
R-244cc 1-Klor-1,1,2,2-tetrafluorpropan C3H3F4Cl
R-244da 2-Klor-1,1,3,3-tetrafluorpropan C3H3F4Cl
R-244db 2-Klor-1,1,1,3-tetrafluorpropan C3H3F4Cl
R-244ea 3-Klor-1,1,2,3-tetrafluorpropan C3H3F4Cl
R-244eb 1-Klor-1,1,1,2-tetrafluorpropan C3H3F4Cl
R-244ec 1-Klor-1,1,2,3-tetrafluorpropan C3H3F4Cl
R-244fa 3-Klor-1,1,1,3-tetrafluorpropan C3H3F4Cl
R-244fb 1-Klor-1,1,3,3-tetrafluorpropan C3H3F4Cl
R-245ca 1,1,2,2,3-Pentafluorpropane C3H3F5
R-245cb Pentafluorpropan C3H3F5
R-245ea 1,1,2,3,3-Pentafluorpropan C3H3F5
R-245eb 1,1,1,2,3-Pentafluorpropan C3H3F5
R-245fa 1,1,1,3,3-Pentafluorpropan C3H3F5
R-245mc Metil pentafluoretil eter C3H3F5O
R-245mf Difluormetil 2,2,2-trifluoretil eter C3H3F5O
R-245qc Difluormetil 1,1,2-trifluoretil eter C3H3F5O
R-251 Triklorfluorpropan C3H4FCl3
R-252 Diklordifluorpropan C3H4F2Cl2
R-252ca 1,3-Diklor-2,2-difluorpropan C3H4F2Cl2
R-252cb 1,1-Diklor-2,2-difluorpropan C3H4F2Cl2
R-252dc 1,2-Diklor-1,1-difluorpropan C3H4F2Cl2
R-252ec 1,1-Diklor-1,2-difluorpropan C3H4F2Cl2
R-253 Klortrifluorpropan C3H4F3Cl
R-253ba 2-Klor-1,2,3-trifluorpropan C3H4F3Cl
R-253bb 2-Klor-1,1,2-trifluorpropan C3H4F3Cl
R-253ca 1-Klor-2,2,3-trifluorpropan C3H4F3Cl
R-253cb 1-Klor-1,2,2-trifluorpropan C3H4F3Cl
R-253ea 3-Klor-1,1,2-trifluorpropan C3H4F3Cl
R-253eb 1-Klor-1,2,3-trifluorpropan C3H4F3Cl
R-253ec 1-Klor-1,1,2-trifluorpropan C3H4F3Cl
R-253fa 3-Klor-1,3,3-trifluorpropan C3H4F3Cl
R-253fb 3-Klor-1,1,1-trifluorpropan C3H4F3Cl
R-253fc 1-Klor-1,1,3-trifluorpropan C3H4F3Cl
R-254cb 1,1,2,2-Tetrafluorpropan C3H4F4
R-254pc Metil 1,1,2,2-tetrafluoretil eter C3H4F4O
R-261 Diklorfluorpropan C3H5FCl2
R-261ba 1,2-Diklor-2-fluorpropan C3H5FCl2
R-262 Klordifluorpropan C3H5F2Cl
R-262ca 1-Klor-2,2-difluorpropan C3H5F2Cl
R-262fa 3-Klor-1,1-difluorpropan C3H5F2Cl
R-262fb 1-Klor-1,3-difluorpropan C3H5F2Cl
R-263 Trifluorpropan C3H5F3
R-271 Klorfluorpropan C3H6FCl
R-271b 2-Klor-2-fluorpropan C3H6FCl
R-271d 2-Klor-1-fluorpropan C3H6FCl
R-271fb 1-Klor-1-fluorpropan C3H6FCl
R-272 Difluorpropan C3H6F2
R-281 Fluorpropan C3H7F
R-290 Propan C3H8
R-C316 Diklorheksafluorciklobutan C4Cl2F6
R-C317 Klorheptafluorciklobutan C4ClF7
R-C318 Oktafluorciklobutan C4F8
R-3-1-10 Dekafluorbutan C4F10
R-329ccb
R-338eea
R-347ccd
R-347mcc Perfluorpropil metil eter C4H3F7O
R-347mmy Perfluorisopropil metil eter C4H3F7O
R-356mcf
R-356mffm
R-365mfc 1,1,1,3,3-Pentafluorbutan C4H5F5
R- Tetradekafluorheksan C6F14
R-400 R-12/R-114 (60/40 % težinski) mješavina komponenti
R-401A R-22/R-152a/R-124 (53/13/34)
R-401B R-22/R-152a/R-124 (61/11/28)
R-401C R-22/R-152a/R-124 (33/15/52)
R-402A R-125/R-290/R-22 (60/2/38)
R-402B R-125/R-290/R-22 (38/2/60)
R-403A R-290/R-22/R-218 (5/75/20)
R-403B R-290/R-22/R-218 (5/56/39)
R-404A R-125/R-143a/R-134a (44/52/4)
R-405A R-22/R-152a/R-142b/R-C318 (45/7/5.5/42.5)
R-406A R-22/R-600a/R-142b (55/04/41)
R-407A R-32/R-125/R-134a (20/40/40)
R-407B R-32/R-125/R-134a (10/70/20)
R-407C R-32/R-125/R-134a (23/25/52)
R-407D R-32/R-125/R-134a (15/15/70)
R-407E R-32/R-125/R-134a (25/15/60)
R-408A R-125/R-143a/R-22 (7/46/47)
R-409A R-22/R-124/R-142b (60/25/15)
R-409B R-22/R-124/R-142b (65/25/10)
R-410A R-32/R-125 (50/50)
R-410B R-32/R-125 (45/55)
R-411A R-1270/R-22/R-152a (1.5/87.5/11)
R-411B R-1270/R-22/R-152a (3/94/3)
R-412A R-22/R-218/R-142b (70/5/25)
R-413A R-218/R-134a/R-600a (9/88/3)
R-414A R-22/R-124/R-600a/R-142b (51/28.5/4.0/16.5)
R-414B R-22/R-124/R-600a/R-142b (50/39/1.5/9.5)
R-415A R-22/R-152a (82/18)
R-415B R-22/R-152a (25/75)
R-416A R-134a/R-124/R-600 (59/39.5/1.5)
R-417A R-125/R-134a/R-600 (46.6/50.0/3.4)
R-418A R-290/R-22/R-152a (1.5/96/2.5)
R-419A R-125/R-134a/R-E170 (77/19/4)
R-420A R-134a/R-142b (88/12)
R-421A R-125/R-134a (58/42)
R-421B R-125/R-134a (85/15)
R-422A R-125/R-134a/R-600a (85.1/11.5/3.4)
R-422B R-125/R-134a/R-600a (55/42/3)
R-422C R-125/R-134a/R-600a (82/15/3)
R-422D R-125/R-134a/R-600a (65.1/31.5/3.4)
R-423A R-134a/R-227ea (52.5/47.5)
R-424A R-125/R-134a/R-600a/R-600/R-601a (50.5/47/.9/1/.6)
R-425A R-32/R-134a/R-227ea (18.5/69.5/12)
R-426A R-125/R-134a/R-600/R-601a (5.1/93/1.3/.6)
R-427A R-32/R-125/R-143a/R-134a (15/25/10/50)
R-428A R-125/R-143a/R-290/R-600a (77.5/20/.6/1.9)
R-500 R-12/R-152a (73.8/26.2)
R-501 R-22/R-12 (75/25)
R-502 R-22/R-115 (48.8/51.2)
R-503 R-23/R-13 (40.1/59.9)
R-504 R-32/R-115 (48.2/51.8)
R-505 R-12/R-31 (78/22)
R-506 R-31/R-114 (55.1/44.9)
R-507A R-125/R-143a (50/50)
R-508A R-23/R-116 (39/61)
R-508B R-23/R-116 (46/54)
R-509A R-22/R-218 (44/56)
R-600 Butan CH3CH2CH2CH3
R-600a Izobutan CH(CH3)2CH3
R-601 Pentan CH3CH2CH2CH2CH3
R-601a Izopentan (CH3)2CHCH2CH3
R-610 Dietil eter C2H5OC2H5
R-611 Metil format C2H4O
R-630 Metilamin CH2NH2
R-631 Etilamin C2H5NH2
R-702 Vodik H2
R-704 Helij He
R-717 Amonijak NH3
R-718 Voda H2O
R-720 Neon Ne
R-728 Dušik N2
R-732 Kisik O2
R-740 Argon Ar
R-744 Ugljični dioksid CO2
R-744A Dušikov oksid N2O
R-764 Sumpor dioksid SO2
R-784 Kripton Kr
R-1112a 1,1-Diklor-2,2-difluoretilen C2Cl2F2
R-1113 Klortrifluoretilen C2ClF3
R-1114 Tetrafluoretilen C2F4
R-1120 Trikloretilen C2HCl3
R-1130 1,2-Dikloretilen C2H2Cl2
R-1132 1,1-Difluoretilen C2H2F2
R-1140 Kloretilen C2H3Cl
R-1141 Fluoretilen C2H3F
R-1150 Etilen C2H4
R-1216 Heksafluorpropan C3F6
R- Triheksafluorpropan (C3F6)3
R-1270 Propilen C3H6