Slavenska obrana

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8
Chessboard480.svg
a8 black rook
b8 black knight
c8 black bishop
d8 black queen
e8 black king
f8 black bishop
g8 black knight
h8 black rook
a7 black pawn
b7 black pawn
e7 black pawn
f7 black pawn
g7 black pawn
h7 black pawn
c6 black pawn
d5 black pawn
c4 white pawn
d4 white pawn
a2 white pawn
b2 white pawn
e2 white pawn
f2 white pawn
g2 white pawn
h2 white pawn
a1 white rook
b1 white knight
c1 white bishop
d1 white queen
e1 white king
f1 white bishop
g1 white knight
h1 white rook
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Slavenska obrana

Slavenska obrana je vrsta šahovskog otvaranja, podvrsta daminog gambita.

Definicija[uredi | uredi kôd]

Slavenska obrana definirana je potezima 1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6.

U Enciklopediji šahovskih otvaranja na Slavensku obranu se odnose otvaranja od D-10 do D-19. To je otvaranje jedno od najviše proučavanih i razrađenih šahovskih otvaranja.

Slavenska obrana zapravo je jedan od oblika odbijenog daminog gambita jer crni ne prihvaća ponuđenog žrtvovanog pješaka nego brani svog pješaka, a kako bi zadržao povoljnu poziciju pred otvaranje.

Povijest[uredi | uredi kôd]

Prvi put se spominje 1590. g. u rukopisima Giulia Cesarea Poleria, jednog od najvećih šahista i šahovskih teoretičara toga doba. Međutim, status šahovskog otvaranja je dobila tek 1920. g.

Naziv[uredi | uredi kôd]

Razvoju Slavenske obrane najviše su doprinijeli: ruski velemajstori Mihail Čigorin, prvak svijeta Aleksandar Aljehin i Efim Bogoljubov, zatim Poljak Akiba Rubinstein, Čeh Karel Treybal, Slovenac Milan Vidmar i mnogi drugi pripadnici slavenskih naroda po čemu je otvaranje i dobilo naziv.

Oblici[uredi | uredi kôd]

Najčešći oblici Slavenske obrane su:

abcdefgh
8
Chessboard480.svg
a8 black rook
b8 black knight
c8 black bishop
d8 black queen
e8 black king
f8 black bishop
g8 black knight
h8 black rook
a7 black pawn
b7 black pawn
e7 black pawn
f7 black pawn
g7 black pawn
h7 black pawn
d5 black pawn
d4 white pawn
a2 white pawn
b2 white pawn
e2 white pawn
f2 white pawn
g2 white pawn
h2 white pawn
a1 white rook
b1 white knight
c1 white bishop
d1 white queen
e1 white king
f1 white bishop
g1 white knight
h1 white rook
8
77
66
55
44
33
22
11
abcdefgh
Slavenska obrana - Varijanta izmjene
abcdefgh
8
Chessboard480.svg
a8 black rook
b8 black knight
c8 black bishop
d8 black queen
e8 black king
f8 black bishop
h8 black rook
a7 black pawn
b7 black pawn
e7 black pawn
f7 black pawn
g7 black pawn
h7 black pawn
c6 black pawn
f6 black knight
d5 black pawn
c4 white pawn
d4 white pawn
e3 white pawn
f3 white knight
a2 white pawn
b2 white pawn
f2 white pawn
g2 white pawn
h2 white pawn
a1 white rook
b1 white knight
c1 white bishop
d1 white queen
e1 white king
f1 white bishop
h1 white rook
8
77
66
55
44
33
22
11
abcdefgh
Slavenska obrana Nf3
abcdefgh
8
Chessboard480.svg
a8 black rook
b8 black knight
c8 black bishop
d8 black queen
e8 black king
f8 black bishop
h8 black rook
a7 black pawn
b7 black pawn
e7 black pawn
f7 black pawn
g7 black pawn
h7 black pawn
c6 black pawn
f6 black knight
a4 white pawn
c4 black pawn
d4 white pawn
c3 white knight
f3 white knight
b2 white pawn
e2 white pawn
f2 white pawn
g2 white pawn
h2 white pawn
a1 white rook
c1 white bishop
d1 white queen
e1 white king
f1 white bishop
h1 white rook
8
77
66
55
44
33
22
11
abcdefgh
Varijanta Alapina
abcdefgh
8
Chessboard480.svg
a8 black rook
b8 black knight
d8 black queen
e8 black king
f8 black bishop
h8 black rook
a7 black pawn
b7 black pawn
e7 black pawn
f7 black pawn
g7 black pawn
h7 black pawn
c6 black pawn
f6 black knight
f5 black bishop
a4 white pawn
c4 black pawn
d4 white pawn
c3 white knight
f3 white knight
b2 white pawn
e2 white pawn
f2 white pawn
g2 white pawn
h2 white pawn
a1 white rook
c1 white bishop
d1 white queen
e1 white king
f1 white bishop
h1 white rook
8
77
66
55
44
33
22
11
abcdefgh
Češka obrana
abcdefgh
8
Chessboard480.svg
a8 black rook
b8 black knight
d8 black queen
e8 black king
f8 black bishop
h8 black rook
a7 black pawn
b7 black pawn
e7 black pawn
f7 black pawn
g7 black pawn
h7 black pawn
c6 black pawn
f6 black knight
a4 white pawn
c4 black pawn
d4 white pawn
g4 black bishop
c3 white knight
f3 white knight
b2 white pawn
e2 white pawn
f2 white pawn
g2 white pawn
h2 white pawn
a1 white rook
c1 white bishop
d1 white queen
e1 white king
f1 white bishop
h1 white rook
8
77
66
55
44
33
22
11
abcdefgh
Štajnerova varijanta


Izvori[uredi | uredi kôd]