Spirogyra

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Spirogyra
Spirogyra.JPG
Sistematika
Carstvo: Plantae
Koljeno: Charophyta
Razred: Zygnematophyceae
Red: Zygnematales
Porodica: Zygnemataceae
Rod: Spirogyra
Link in C. G. Nees

Spirogyra je rod parožina iz porodice Conjugatophyceae (Zygnemataceae). Sastavljen je od oko 400 vrsta, koje žive u slatkim vodama, stvarajući velike zelene mase.

Izgled[uredi VE | uredi]

Spirogyra je nitasta alga široka 10-100 mikrometara, dok duljina može iznositi i nekoliko centimetara. Stanična stijenka ima dva sloja. Vanjski je sloj sastavljen od pektina, koji se otapa u vodi i čini algu sluzavom na dodir. Unutarnji je izgrađen od celuloze. Kloroplastima broj varira, te se nalaze na rubovima citoplazme. Spiralnog su oblika, pa tako i algi daju oblik. Svaki kloroplast sadrži nekoliko pirenoida, koji su središta za proizvodnju škroba fotosintezom.

Razmnožavanje[uredi VE | uredi]

Spirogyra se može razmnožavati spolno i rijetko nespolno. Kod nespolnog iz samo jednog dijela uzastopnim mitozama nastaje nova alga. Spolni način razmnožavanja je konjugacija.

Konjugacija[uredi VE | uredi]

Dvije niti spirogire oblikuju konjugacijske cijevi. Sadržaj jedne stanice prolazi kroz cijev i spaja se sa stanicom druge niti, te tako nastaje zigospora, koja može preživjeti i u vrlo teškim uvjetima. Nakon nekog vremena počinju rasti nove niti.

Vrste[uredi VE | uredi]

  1. Spirogyra abbreviata Zheng
  2. Spirogyra acanthophora (Skuja) Czurda
  3. Spirogyra acumbentis Vodenicarov
  4. Spirogyra adjerensis Gauthier-Lièvre
  5. Spirogyra adnata (Vaucher) Kützing
  6. Spirogyra adornata Ling
  7. Spirogyra aequalis F.L.Harvey
  8. Spirogyra aequinoctialis G.S.West
  9. Spirogyra affinis (Hassall) Petit
  10. Spirogyra africana (F.E.Fritsch) Czurda
  11. Spirogyra ahmedabadensis N.D.Kamat
  12. Spirogyra alkaliensis Noda
  13. Spirogyra alpina Kützing
  14. Spirogyra alternata Kützing
  15. Spirogyra amphimorpha A.K.M.N.Islam
  16. Spirogyra ampilii Ushadevi & Panikkar
  17. Spirogyra amplectens Skuja
  18. Spirogyra ampliata L.Liu
  19. Spirogyra anchora Skuja
  20. Spirogyra angolensis Welwitsch
  21. Spirogyra angulata Nipkow
  22. Spirogyra anjanii Ushadevi & Panikkar
  23. Spirogyra anomala Bhashyakarla Rao
  24. Spirogyra anzygoapora Singh
  25. Spirogyra aphanosculpta Skuja
  26. Spirogyra aplanospora Randhawa
  27. Spirogyra archanii Ushadevi & Panikkar
  28. Spirogyra arcta (C.Agardh) Endlicher
  29. Spirogyra arcuata Liu
  30. Spirogyra areolata Lagerheim
  31. Spirogyra arizonensis Rickert & Hoshaw
  32. Spirogyra arthuri Woodhead & Tweed
  33. Spirogyra articulata Transeau
  34. Spirogyra asiatica Czurda
  35. Spirogyra atasiana Czurda
  36. Spirogyra atrobrunnea Gauthier-Lièvre
  37. Spirogyra aubvillei Gauthier-Lièvre
  38. Spirogyra australica Czurda
  39. Spirogyra australiensis Möbius
  40. Spirogyra austriaca Czurda
  41. Spirogyra azygospora R.N.Singh
  42. Spirogyra baileyi Schmidle
  43. Spirogyra bardhamanensis Kargupta et al.
  44. Spirogyra batekiana Gauthier-Lièvre
  45. Spirogyra bellis (Hassall) P.Crouan & H.Crouan
  46. Spirogyra bengalensis Kargupta & P.Sarma
  47. Spirogyra bicalyptrata Czurda
  48. Spirogyra bichromatophora (Randhawa) Transeau
  49. Spirogyra biformis C.-C.Jao
  50. Spirogyra biharensis A.M.Verma & B.Kumari
  51. Spirogyra bii Kadlubowska
  52. Spirogyra bireticulata Liu
  53. Spirogyra borealis Zheng & Ling
  54. Spirogyra borgeana Transeau
  55. Spirogyra borgei Kadlubowska
  56. Spirogyra borkuense Gauthier-Lièvre
  57. Spirogyra borysthenica Kasanowsky & Smirnoff [Smirnov]
  58. Spirogyra bourrellyana Gauthier-Lièvre
  59. Spirogyra braziliensis (Nordstedt) Transeau
  60. Spirogyra britannica Godward
  61. Spirogyra brunnea Czurda
  62. Spirogyra buchetii Petit
  63. Spirogyra bullata C.-C.Jao
  64. Spirogyra calcarea Transeau
  65. Spirogyra calchaquiesiae B.Tracanna
  66. Spirogyra californica Stancheva, J.D.Hall, McCourt & Sheath
  67. Spirogyra calospora Cleve
  68. Spirogyra canaliculata Segar
  69. Spirogyra cardinia S.H.Lewis
  70. Spirogyra caroliniana G.E.Dillard
  71. Spirogyra castanacea G.C.Couch
  72. Spirogyra cataeniformis (Hassall) Kützing
  73. Spirogyra cavata Vodenicarov
  74. Spirogyra chaibasaensis A.K.Mahato
  75. Spirogyra chakiaensis (Bhashyakarla Rao) Willi Krieger
  76. Spirogyra chandrae Kargupta & R.N.Jha
  77. Spirogyra chavarensis Ushadevi & Panikkar
  78. Spirogyra chekiangensis C.-C.Jao
  79. Spirogyra chenii C.-C.Jao
  80. Spirogyra chittagongenensis A.K.M.N.Islam
  81. Spirogyra chungkingensis C.-C.Jao
  82. Spirogyra chuniae C.-C.Jao
  83. Spirogyra circumvarians Kargupta & R.N.Jha
  84. Spirogyra clavata Segar
  85. Spirogyra cleveana Transeau
  86. Spirogyra colligata Hodgetts
  87. Spirogyra columbiana Czurda
  88. Spirogyra communis (Hassall) Kützing
  89. Spirogyra condensata (Vaucher) Dumortier
  90. Spirogyra congolensis Gauthier-Lièvre
  91. Spirogyra conspicua F.Gay
  92. Spirogyra corrugata Woodhead & Tweed
  93. Spirogyra costata Kadlubowska
  94. Spirogyra costulata Kadlubowska
  95. Spirogyra coumbiana Czurda
  96. Spirogyra crassa (Kützing) Kützing
  97. Spirogyra crassispina C.-C.Jao
  98. Spirogyra crassiuscula (Wittrock & Nordstedt) Transeau
  99. Spirogyra crassivallicularis C.-C.Jao
  100. Spirogyra crassoidea (Transeau) Transeau
  101. Spirogyra crenulata R.N.Singh
  102. Spirogyra croasdaleae Blum
  103. Spirogyra cylindrica Czurda
  104. Spirogyra cylindrosperma (West & G.S.West) H.Krieger
  105. Spirogyra cylindrospora West & G.S.West
  106. Spirogyra czubinskii Kadlubowska
  107. Spirogyra czurdae J.N.Misra
  108. Spirogyra czurdiana Kadlubowska
  109. Spirogyra daedalea Lagerheim
  110. Spirogyra danica Kadlubowska
  111. Spirogyra darbhangensis Kargupta & al.
  112. Spirogyra decimina (O.F.Müller) Dumortier
  113. Spirogyra densa Kützing
  114. Spirogyra denticulata Transeau
  115. Spirogyra dentireticulata C.-C.Jao
  116. Spirogyra desikacharyensis R.S.Rattan
  117. Spirogyra dialyderma Ling & Zheng
  118. Spirogyra dicephala C.-C.Jao & H.Z.Zhu
  119. Spirogyra dictyospora C.-C.Jao
  120. Spirogyra diluta H.C.Wood
  121. Spirogyra dimorpha Geitler
  122. Spirogyra discoidea Transeau
  123. Spirogyra discreta Transeau
  124. Spirogyra distenta Transeau
  125. Spirogyra diversizygotica (V.I.Polyanskij) L.A.Rundina
  126. Spirogyra dixitii H.Krieger
  127. Spirogyra djalonensis Gauthier-Lièvre
  128. Spirogyra djiliense Gauthier-Lièvre
  129. Spirogyra drilonensis Petkoff
  130. Spirogyra dubia Kützing
  131. Spirogyra echinata Tiffany
  132. Spirogyra echinospora Blum
  133. Spirogyra eillipsospora Transeau
  134. Spirogyra elegans Wollny
  135. Spirogyra elegantissima Y.J.Ling & Y.M.Zheng
  136. Spirogyra ellipsospora Transeau
  137. Spirogyra elliptica C.-C.Jao
  138. Spirogyra elongata (Vaucher) Dumortier
  139. Spirogyra elongata (H.C.Wood) H.C.Wood
  140. Spirogyra emilianensis Bonhomme
  141. Spirogyra endogranulata O.Bock & W.Bock
  142. Spirogyra exilis West & G.S.West
  143. Spirogyra fallax (Hansgirg) Wille
  144. Spirogyra fassula Zheng
  145. Spirogyra favosa Y.-X.Wei & Y.-K.Yung
  146. Spirogyra fennica Cedercreutz
  147. Spirogyra ferruginea H.W.Liang
  148. Spirogyra flavescens (Hassall) Kützing
  149. Spirogyra flavicans Kützing
  150. Spirogyra fluviatilis Hilse
  151. Spirogyra formosa (Transeau) Czurda
  152. Spirogyra fossa C.-C.Jao
  153. Spirogyra fossulata C.-C.Jao & Hu
  154. Spirogyra foveolata (Transeau) Czurda
  155. Spirogyra franconica O.Bock & W.Bock
  156. Spirogyra frankliniana Tiffany
  157. Spirogyra frigida F.Gay
  158. Spirogyra fritschiana Czurda
  159. Spirogyra fukienica Wei
  160. Spirogyra fuscoatra Rabenhorst
  161. Spirogyra fuzhouensis H.-J.Hu
  162. Spirogyra gallica Petit
  163. Spirogyra gangaensis Lakshminarasimhan
  164. Spirogyra garlandica Kargupta & R.N.Jha
  165. Spirogyra gaterslebensis Reith
  166. Spirogyra gauthier-lievrae Kadlubowska
  167. Spirogyra gauthieri Gayral
  168. Spirogyra gharbensis Gauthier-Lièvre
  169. Spirogyra ghosei R.N.Singh
  170. Spirogyra gibberosa C.-C.Jao
  171. Spirogyra glabra Czurda
  172. Spirogyra globulispora Gauthier-Lièvre
  173. Spirogyra gobonensis Gauthier-Lièvre
  174. Spirogyra godwardiae M.Srivastava
  175. Spirogyra goetzei Schmidle
  176. Spirogyra gracilis Kützing
  177. Spirogyra granulata C.-C.Jao
  178. Spirogyra gratiana Transeau
  179. Spirogyra groenlandica Rosenvinge
  180. Spirogyra guangchowensis Zhu & Zhong
  181. Spirogyra guineense Gauthier-Lièvre
  182. Spirogyra gujaratensis N.D.Kamat
  183. Spirogyra gurdaspurensis R.S.Rattan
  184. Spirogyra haimenensis C.-C.Jao
  185. Spirogyra hartigii (Kützing) De Toni
  186. Spirogyra hassallii (Jenner ex Hassall) P.Crouan & H.Crouan
  187. Spirogyra hatillensis Transeau
  188. Spirogyra heeriana Nägeli ex Kützing
  189. Spirogyra henanensis (L.J.Bi) L.J.Bi
  190. Spirogyra herbipolensis O.Bock & W.Bock
  191. Spirogyra heterospora Liu
  192. Spirogyra hoehnei Borge
  193. Spirogyra hoggarica (Gauthier-Lièvre) Gauthier-Lièvre
  194. Spirogyra hollandiae Taft
  195. Spirogyra hopeiensis C.-C.Jao
  196. Spirogyra hunanensis C.-C.Jao
  197. Spirogyra hungarica Langer
  198. Spirogyra hyalina Cleve
  199. Spirogyra hymerae Britton & B.H.Smith
  200. Spirogyra inconstans Collins
  201. Spirogyra incrassata Czurda
  202. Spirogyra indiana Kargupta & R.N.Jha
  203. Spirogyra indica Willi Krieger
  204. Spirogyra inflata (Vaucher) Dumortier
  205. Spirogyra insignis (Hassall) Kützing
  206. Spirogyra insueta Zhu & Zhong
  207. Spirogyra intermedia Rabenhorst
  208. Spirogyra intorta C.-C.Jao
  209. Spirogyra ionia Wade
  210. Spirogyra irregularis Nägeli ex Kützing
  211. Spirogyra islamii Kargupta & P.Sarma
  212. Spirogyra ivorensis Gauthier-Lièvre
  213. Spirogyra iyengarii Kadlubowska
  214. Spirogyra jaoensis Randhawa
  215. Spirogyra jaoi S.H.Ley
  216. Spirogyra jassiensis (Teodoresco) Czurda
  217. Spirogyra jatobae Transeau
  218. Spirogyra jogensis M.O.P.Iyengar
  219. Spirogyra jugalis (Dillwyn) Kützing
  220. Spirogyra juliana Stancheva, J.D.Hall, McCourt & Sheath
  221. Spirogyra kaffirita Transeau
  222. Spirogyra kamatii Kargupta & P.Sarma
  223. Spirogyra karnalae Randhawa
  224. Spirogyra khuntiensis A.K.Mahato
  225. Spirogyra kolae Hajdu
  226. Spirogyra kolhapurensis N.D.Kamat
  227. Spirogyra koreana J.-H.Kim, Y.H.Kim, & I.K.Lee
  228. Spirogyra krubergii V.J.Poljanski
  229. Spirogyra kundaensis R.N.Singh
  230. Spirogyra kusheshwarsthanensis Kargupta & P.Sarma
  231. Spirogyra kuusamoensis Hirn
  232. Spirogyra labbei Gauthier-Lièvre
  233. Spirogyra labyrinthica Transeau
  234. Spirogyra lacustris Czurda
  235. Spirogyra lagerheimii Wittrock
  236. Spirogyra laka Kützing
  237. Spirogyra lallandiae Taft
  238. Spirogyra lambertiana Transeau
  239. Spirogyra lamellata (Bhashyakarla Rao) Willi Krieger
  240. Spirogyra lamellosa C.-C.Jao
  241. Spirogyra lapponica Lagerheim
  242. Spirogyra latireticulata Zheng & Ling
  243. Spirogyra latviensis Czurda
  244. Spirogyra laxa Kützing
  245. Spirogyra laxistrata C.-C.Jao
  246. Spirogyra lenticularis Transeau
  247. Spirogyra lentiformis L.J.Bi
  248. Spirogyra lians Transeau
  249. Spirogyra libyca Gauthier-Lièvre
  250. Spirogyra lineata Suringar
  251. Spirogyra lismorensis Playfair
  252. Spirogyra lodziensis Kadlubowska
  253. Spirogyra longifissa Wei
  254. Spirogyra lubrica Kützing
  255. Spirogyra lushanensis L.C.Li
  256. Spirogyra luteospora Czurda
  257. Spirogyra lutetiana Petit
  258. Spirogyra lymerae Britton & Smith
  259. Spirogyra macrospora (C.B.Rao) Krieger
  260. Spirogyra maghrebiana Gauthier-Lièvre
  261. Spirogyra magna (Dixit) H.Krieger
  262. Spirogyra major Kützing
  263. Spirogyra majuscula Kützing
  264. Spirogyra malmeana Hirn
  265. Spirogyra manoramae Randhawa
  266. Spirogyra maravillosa Transeau
  267. Spirogyra marchica H.Krieger
  268. Spirogyra margalefii Aboal & Llimona
  269. Spirogyra margaritata Wollny
  270. Spirogyra marocana Gauthier-Lièvre
  271. Spirogyra mattonensis (Misra) H.Krieger
  272. Spirogyra maxima (Hassall) Wittrock
  273. Spirogyra mayyanadensis Ushadevi & Panikkar
  274. Spirogyra megaspora Transeau
  275. Spirogyra meridionalis W.J.Zhu & Zhong
  276. Spirogyra miamiana Taft
  277. Spirogyra microdictyon C.-C.Jao & Hu
  278. Spirogyra microgranulata C.-C.Jao
  279. Spirogyra micropunctata Transeau
  280. Spirogyra microspora C.-C.Jao
  281. Spirogyra mienningensis L.-C.Li
  282. Spirogyra minor (Schmidle) Transeau
  283. Spirogyra minuticrassoidea Yamagishi
  284. Spirogyra minutifossa C.-C.Jao
  285. Spirogyra mirabilis (Hassall) Kützing
  286. Spirogyra miranda Kadlubowska
  287. Spirogyra mirifica Zheng & Ling
  288. Spirogyra mithalaensis A.M.Verma & B.Kumari
  289. Spirogyra moebii Transeau
  290. Spirogyra monodiana Gauthier-Lièvre
  291. Spirogyra montserrati Margalef
  292. Spirogyra moulankariensis Usha & Panikkar
  293. Spirogyra multiconjugata N.C.Ferrer & E.J.Cáceres
  294. Spirogyra multiformis Kadlubowska
  295. Spirogyra multistrata Zheng & Ling
  296. Spirogyra multitrata Zheng & Ling
  297. Spirogyra mutabilis C.-C.Jao & H.J.Hu
  298. Spirogyra narcissiana Transeau
  299. Spirogyra natchita Transeau
  300. Spirogyra neglecta (Hassall) Kützing
  301. Spirogyra neorhizobrachialis C.-C.Jao & Zheng
  302. Spirogyra nitida (O.F.Müller) Leiblein
  303. Spirogyra nodifera O.Bock & W.Bock
  304. Spirogyra notabilis Taft
  305. Spirogyra nova-angliae Transeau
  306. Spirogyra novae-angliae Transeau
  307. Spirogyra nyctigama Taft
  308. Spirogyra oblata C.-C.Jao
  309. Spirogyra oblonga Liu
  310. Spirogyra obovata C.-C.Jao
  311. Spirogyra occidentalis (Transeau) Czurda
  312. Spirogyra oligocarpa C.-C.Jao
  313. Spirogyra ollicola C.-C.Jao & Zhong
  314. Spirogyra oltmannsii Huber-Pestalozzi
  315. Spirogyra orientalis West & G.S.West
  316. Spirogyra orthospira Nägeli
  317. Spirogyra ouarsenica Gauthier-Lièvre
  318. Spirogyra ovigera Montagne
  319. Spirogyra pachyderma Gauthier-Lièvre
  320. Spirogyra palghatensis Erady
  321. Spirogyra paludosa Czurda
  322. Spirogyra papulata C.-C.Jao
  323. Spirogyra paradoxa Bhashyakarla Rao
  324. Spirogyra paraguayensis Borge
  325. Spirogyra parva (Hassall) Kützing
  326. Spirogyra parvispora H.C.Wood
  327. Spirogyra parvula (Transeau) Czurda
  328. Spirogyra pascheriana Czurda
  329. Spirogyra patliputri A.M.Verma & B.Kumari
  330. Spirogyra peipingensis C.-C.Jao
  331. Spirogyra pellucida (Hassall) Kützing
  332. Spirogyra perforans Transeau
  333. Spirogyra plena (West & G.S.West) Czurda
  334. Spirogyra poljanskii Kadlubowska
  335. Spirogyra polymorpha Kirchner
  336. Spirogyra polytaeniata Strasburger
  337. Spirogyra porangabae Transeau
  338. Spirogyra porticalis (O.F.Müller) Dumortier - tipična
  339. Spirogyra pratensis Transeau
  340. Spirogyra princeps (Vaucher) Link ex Meyen
  341. Spirogyra proavita Langer
  342. Spirogyra prolifica N.D.Kamat
  343. Spirogyra propria Transeau
  344. Spirogyra protecta H.C.Wood
  345. Spirogyra pseudoaedaloides Kadlubowska
  346. Spirogyra pseudobellis W.J.Zhu & Zhong
  347. Spirogyra pseudocorrugata Gauthier-Lièvre
  348. Spirogyra pseudocylindrica Prescott
  349. Spirogyra pseudogauthieri Kargupta & P.Sarma
  350. Spirogyra pseudogibberosa Gauthier-Lièvre
  351. Spirogyra pseudogranulata S.-H.Ley
  352. Spirogyra pseudojuergensii H.Silva
  353. Spirogyra pseudomaiuscula Gauthier-Lièvre
  354. Spirogyra pseudomajuscula Gauthier-Lièvre
  355. Spirogyra pseudomaxima Kadlubowska
  356. Spirogyra pseudoneglecta Czurda
  357. Spirogyra pseudonodifera O.Bock & W.Bock
  358. Spirogyra pseudoplena Liu
  359. Spirogyra pseudopulchrata C.-C.Jao
  360. Spirogyra pseudoreticulata H.Krieger
  361. Spirogyra pseudorhizopus L.J.Bi
  362. Spirogyra pseudosahnii Kadlubowska
  363. Spirogyra pseudospreeiana C.-C.Jao
  364. Spirogyra pseudosubreticulata Rickert & Hoshaw
  365. Spirogyra pseudotenuissima O.Bock & W.Bock
  366. Spirogyra pseudotetrapla Kadlubowska
  367. Spirogyra pseudotexensis Bourrelly
  368. Spirogyra pseudovarians Czurda
  369. Spirogyra pseudovenusta Liu & Wei
  370. Spirogyra pseudowoodii V.J.Poljanski
  371. Spirogyra pulchella (H.C.Wood) H.C.Wood
  372. Spirogyra pulchra Alexenko
  373. Spirogyra puncticulata C.-C.Jao
  374. Spirogyra punctulata C.-C.Jao
  375. Spirogyra quadrata (Hassall) P.Petit
  376. Spirogyra quadrilaminata C.-C.Jao
  377. Spirogyra quezelii Gauthier-Lièvre
  378. Spirogyra quilonensis Kothari
  379. Spirogyra quinquilaminata C.-C.Jao
  380. Spirogyra randhawae Krieger
  381. Spirogyra ranipurensis Kargupta & R.N.Jha
  382. Spirogyra rattanii Kadlubowska
  383. Spirogyra recostata Kargupta & R.N.Jha
  384. Spirogyra rectangularis Transeau
  385. Spirogyra rectispira Merriman
  386. Spirogyra regularis (Cedercreutz) H.Krieger
  387. Spirogyra reinhardii Khmelevesky [Chmielewski, Khmelevesky]
  388. Spirogyra reticulata Nordstedt
  389. Spirogyra reticulatum Randhawa
  390. Spirogyra reticuliana Randhawa
  391. Spirogyra rhizobrachialis C.-C.Jao
  392. Spirogyra rhizoides Randhawa
  393. Spirogyra rhizopus C.-C.Jao
  394. Spirogyra rhodopea Petkoff
  395. Spirogyra rivularis (Hassall) Rabenhorst
  396. Spirogyra robusta (Nygaard) Czurda
  397. Spirogyra rugosa (Transeau) Czurda
  398. Spirogyra rugulosa Iwanoff
  399. Spirogyra sahnii Randhawa
  400. Spirogyra salina Aleem
  401. Spirogyra sanjingensis Y.Wang & Z.Wang
  402. Spirogyra sarmae M.Singh & M.Srivastava
  403. Spirogyra schimidtii West & G.S.West
  404. Spirogyra schmidtii West & G.S.West
  405. Spirogyra schweickerdtii Cholonky
  406. Spirogyra scripta Nygaard
  407. Spirogyra scrobiculata (Stockmayer) Czurda
  408. Spirogyra sculpta Gauthier-Lièvre
  409. Spirogyra semiornata C.-C.Jao
  410. Spirogyra senegalensis Gauthier-Lièvre
  411. Spirogyra setiformis (Roth) Martens ex Meneghini
  412. Spirogyra shantungensis L.-C.Li
  413. Spirogyra shanxiensis Zheng & Ling
  414. Spirogyra shenzaensis Zheng
  415. Spirogyra siamensis Transeau
  416. Spirogyra siberica Skvortzov
  417. Spirogyra silesiaca Kadlubowska
  418. Spirogyra sinensis L.-C.Li
  419. Spirogyra singularis Nordstedt
  420. Spirogyra sinhaensis M.Srivastava
  421. Spirogyra skujae Randhawa
  422. Spirogyra skvortzowii Willi Krieger
  423. Spirogyra smithii Transeau
  424. Spirogyra speciosa Liu
  425. Spirogyra sphaerica (Misra) H.Krieger
  426. Spirogyra sphaerocarpa C.-C.Jao
  427. Spirogyra sphaerospora Hirn
  428. Spirogyra spinescens Kirjakov
  429. Spirogyra splendida G.S West
  430. Spirogyra spreeiana Rabenhorst
  431. Spirogyra subaffinis F.E.Fritsch & M.F.Rich
  432. Spirogyra subbullata Kadlubowska
  433. Spirogyra subcolligata L.J.Bi
  434. Spirogyra subcrassa Woronchin
  435. Spirogyra subcrassiuscula L.J.Bi
  436. Spirogyra subcylindrospora C.-C.Jao
  437. Spirogyra subechinata Godward
  438. Spirogyra subformosa Kargupta & P.Sarma
  439. Spirogyra subfossulata C.-C.Jao
  440. Spirogyra subfragilis A.K.M.N.Islam
  441. Spirogyra subglabra Zheng & Ling
  442. Spirogyra sublambertiana Zhao
  443. Spirogyra sublamellata A.K.M.N.Islam
  444. Spirogyra subluteospora C.-C.Jao & Hu
  445. Spirogyra submajuscula Ling & Zheng
  446. Spirogyra submargaritata Godward
  447. Spirogyra submarina (Collins) Transeau
  448. Spirogyra submaxima Transeau
  449. Spirogyra subobovata Chian
  450. Spirogyra subpapulatata C.-C.Jao
  451. Spirogyra subpellucida C.-C.Jao
  452. Spirogyra subpolytaeniata C.-C.Jao
  453. Spirogyra subpratensis Woronichin
  454. Spirogyra subreflexa Liang & Wang
  455. Spirogyra subreticulata F.E.Fritsch
  456. Spirogyra subsalina Cedercreutz
  457. Spirogyra subsalsa Kützing
  458. Spirogyra subsalso-punctatulata Kadlubowska
  459. Spirogyra subtropica Chian
  460. Spirogyra suburbana C.-C.Jao
  461. Spirogyra subvelata Willi Krieger
  462. Spirogyra subvermiculata A.K.M.N.Islam
  463. Spirogyra subverrucosa Kargupta & P.Sarma
  464. Spirogyra sulcata Blum
  465. Spirogyra sundanensis Gauthier-Lièvre
  466. Spirogyra superba L.Liu
  467. Spirogyra supervarians Transeau
  468. Spirogyra szechwanensis C.-C.Jao
  469. Spirogyra taftiana Transeau
  470. Spirogyra taiyuanensis Ling
  471. Spirogyra tandae Randhawa
  472. Spirogyra taylorii C.-C.Jao
  473. Spirogyra tenuispina Rundina
  474. Spirogyra tenuissima (Hassall) Kützing
  475. Spirogyra teodorescui Transeau
  476. Spirogyra ternata Ripart
  477. Spirogyra tetrapla Transeau
  478. Spirogyra tibetensis C.-C.Jao
  479. Spirogyra tjibodensis Faber
  480. Spirogyra tolosana Comère
  481. Spirogyra torta Blum
  482. Spirogyra trachycarpa Skuja
  483. Spirogyra transeauiana C.-C.Jao
  484. Spirogyra triplicata (Collins) Transeau
  485. Spirogyra trochainii Gauthier-Lièvre
  486. Spirogyra tropica Kützing
  487. Spirogyra tsingtaoensis L.-C.Li
  488. Spirogyra tuberculata Lagerheim
  489. Spirogyra tuberculosa Liang & Wang
  490. Spirogyra tubifera Kargupta & R.N.Jha
  491. Spirogyra tucumaniae B.Tracanna
  492. Spirogyra tumida C.-C.Jao
  493. Spirogyra turfosa F.Gay
  494. Spirogyra tuwensis R.J.Patel & C.K.Ashok Kumar
  495. Spirogyra ugandense Gauthier-Lièvre
  496. Spirogyra unduliseptum Randhawa
  497. Spirogyra urbana C.-C.Jao & Zhong
  498. Spirogyra van-zantenii Cholonky
  499. Spirogyra variabilis C.-C.Jao & Hu
  500. Spirogyra varians (Hassall) Kützing
  501. Spirogyra variaspora Rickert & Hoshaw
  502. Spirogyra varifaveolata B.N.Prasad & S.Dutta
  503. Spirogyra variformis Transeau
  504. Spirogyra varireticulata Kargupta & R.N.Jha
  505. Spirogyra varshaii Prasad & Dutta
  506. Spirogyra vasishtii R.S.Rattan
  507. Spirogyra velata Nordstedt
  508. Spirogyra venkataramanii R.S.Rattan
  509. Spirogyra venosa Kadlubowska
  510. Spirogyra venusta C.-C.Jao
  511. Spirogyra vermiculata C.-C.Jao & H.J.Hu
  512. Spirogyra verrucogranulata I.C A.Dias & C.E.de M.Bicudo
  513. Spirogyra verrucosa (C.B.Rao) H.Krieger
  514. Spirogyra verruculosa C.-C.Jao
  515. Spirogyra voltaica Gauthier-Lièvre
  516. Spirogyra wangii L.C.Li
  517. Spirogyra weberi Kützing
  518. Spirogyra weishuiensis Ling & Zheng
  519. Spirogyra weletischii West & G.S.West
  520. Spirogyra welwitschii West & G.S.West
  521. Spirogyra willei Skuja
  522. Spirogyra wittrockii Alexenko
  523. Spirogyra wollnyi De Toni
  524. Spirogyra wrightiana Transeau
  525. Spirogyra wuchanensis C.-C.Jao & H.-J.Hu
  526. Spirogyra wuhanensis C.-C.Jao & H.-J.Hu
  527. Spirogyra xiaoganensis Liu
  528. Spirogyra xinxiangensis L.J.Bi
  529. Spirogyra yamagishii Kargupta & P.Sarma
  530. Spirogyra yexianensis L.J.Bi
  531. Spirogyra yuin S.Skinner & Entwisle
  532. Spirogyra yunnanensis L.-C.Li

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