Debeloglavci

Izvor: Wikipedija
Skoči na: orijentacija, traži
Debeloglavci
Žutošareni debeloglavac
Žutošareni debeloglavac
Status zaštite
Sistematika
Carstvo: Animalia
Koljeno: Arthropoda
Razred: Insecta
Red: Lepidoptera
Natporodica: Hesperioidea
Porodica: Hesperiidae
Linnaeus, 1758.
Raznolikost
oko 3500 vrsta
Područje života

Debeloglavci (Hesperiidae) porodica su sitnih danjih leptira krila promjera 2 do 3 cm, kojima tako brzo mašu u letu da se čuje zujanje. Tijelo im je snažno, savijena ticala završavaju kukicom. Osnovna boja je smeđa ili crna s bijelim, žutim ili tamnim pjegama. Većina prezimljava u obliku gusjenice.

Najpoznatije su vrste: sljezov pjegavi debeloglavac ili sljezovčar (Pyrgus malvae), tamni debeloglavac ili crni debeloglavac (Erynnis tages), žutošareni debeloglavac (Carterocephalus palaemon), smeđi debeloglavac (Thymelicus lineola), riđi debeloglavac (Ochlodes venatus).[1]

Tamni ili crni debeloglavac

Popis rodova[uredi VE | uredi]

Abantis (32), Ablepsis (10), Abraximorpha (5), Acada (4), Acerbas (13), Achalarus (16), Achlyodes (26), Acleros (16), Acromecis (8), Adlerodea (5), Adopaeoides (2), Aecas (2), Aegiale (3), Aeromachus (29), Aethilla (18), Agathymus (34), Aguna (27), Aides (16), Alenia (2), Alera (7), Allora (15), Amblyscirtes (1), Amenis (5), Ampittia (21), Anastrus (24), Ancistroides (17), Ancyloxypha (17), Andinus (2), Andronymus (9), Anisochoria (21), Anisynta (16), Anisyntoides (2), Ankola (3), Anthoptus (6), Antigonus (18), Apaustus (6), Apostictopterus (2), Appia (1), Ardaris (2), Argon (4), Argopteron (8), Arita (3), Arnetta (15), Aroma (4), Arrhenes (17), Arteurotia (3), Artines (11), Artitropa (19), Asbolis (3), Aspitha (9), Astictopterus (19), Astraptes (113), Atalopedes (13), Atarnes (4), Atrytone (8), Atrytonopsis (20), Augiades (4), Aurina (1), Autochton (32), Azonax (1), Badamia (Skipper) (9), Banta (3), Baoris (18), Baracus (6), Barca (1), Bibasis (69), Binghamia (4), Bolla (48), Borbo (58), Bruna (1), Brusa (2), Bungalotis (16), Burca (9), Butleria (24), Buzyges (2), Cabares (4), Cabirus (4), Caenides (18), Caicella (9), Caligulana (1), Calleagris (12), Calliades (7), Calliana (5), Callimormus (22), Calpodes (3), Caltoris (54), Camptopleura (11), Cantha (8), Capila (22), Caprona (27), Carcharodus (65), Carrhenes (16), Carterocephalus (75), Carystina (5), Carystoides (30), Carystus (14), Celaenorrhinus (195), Celotes (4), Cephise (8), Cephrenes (32), Ceratrichia (39), Chaetocneme (36), Chalcone (6), Chamunda (1), Charidia (6), Charmion (12), Chioides (17), Chiomara (20), Chloeria (1), Choaspes (23), Chondrolepis (9), Choranthus (16), Chrysoplectrum (20), Clito (11), Cobaloides (1), Cobalopsis (18), Cobalus (14), Codatractus (18), Coeliades (35), Cogia (37), Coladenia (20), Conga (11), Conognathus (2), Copaeodes (12), Corticea (14), Croitana (4), Croniades (3), Ctenoptilum (3), Cumbre (6), Cupitha (5), Cycloglypha (12), Cyclosemia (11), Cyclosma (3), Cymaenes (61), Cynea (42), Cyrina (4), Daimio (40), Dalla (142), Damas (10), Dardarina (11), Darpa (6), Decinea (28), Diaeus (6), Dion (7), Dispar (4), Doberes (4), Drephalys (17), Dubiella (6), Dyscophellus (27), Eagris (38), Ebrietas (21), Ebusus (4), Ectomis (4), Eetion (4), Elbella (46), Enosis (28), Entheus (25), Eogenes (6), Epargyreus (45), Ephyriades (15), Eprius (2), Eracon (13), Eretis (18), Erionota (18), Erynnis (88), Euphyes (51), Euschemon (4), Eutocus (12), Eutychide (18), Evansiella (3), Exometoeca (1), Falga (10), Felicena (5), Fresna (9), Fulda (11), Gallio (1), Gamia (7), Gangara (12), Ge (1), Gegenes (21), Gesta (11), Gindanes (7), Gomalia (4), Gorgopas (11), Gorgyra (25), Gorgythion (12), Grais (4), Granila (3), Gretna (12), Gyrogora (2), Haemactis (2), Halotus (3), Halpe (69), Hansa (5), Hasora (127), Hegesippe (1), Helias (6), Heliopetes (44), Heliopyrgus (7), Heronia (2), Hesperia (103), Hesperilla (36), Hesperopsis (3), Heteropterus (18), Hewitsoniella (3), Hidari (6), Holguinia (1), Hovala (9), Hyalothyrus (15), Hyarotis (15), Hylephila (30), Hypocryptothrix (1), Hypoleucis (7), Iambrix (11), Iliana (5),Ilma (2), Isma (35), Isoteinon (8), Iton (5), Jemadia (29), Jera (1), Joanna (2), Justinia (17), Katreus (9), Kedestes (27), Kobrona (19), Koruthaialos (29), Lamponia (4), Lento (24), Leona (17), Lepella (3), Leptalina (2), Lerema (25), Lerodea (27), Leucochitonea (5), Levina (2), Libra (4), Librita (4), Lindra (8), Linka (1), Lobocla (16), Lotongus (16), Lucida (9), Ludens (3), Lycas (7), Lychnuchoides (3), Lychnuchus (6), Malaza (4), Marela (3), Mastor (47), Matapa (13), Megaleas (1), Megathymus (30), Mellana (37), Melphina (14), Mesodina (3), Metardaris (8), Methion (1), Methionopsis (7), Metisella (51), Metron (21), Meza (21), Microceris (1), Mictris (4), Milanion (14), Miltomiges (4), Mimene (27), Mimia (3), Mimoniades (25), Miraja (10), Misius (1), Mnaseas (4), Mnasicles (4), Mnasilus (6), Mnasinous (1), Mnasitheus (15), Mnestheus (3), Moeris (20), Moeros (1), Molla (1), Molo (12), Moltena (2), Monca (8), Monza (16), Mooreana (8), Mopala (2), Morvina (10), Morys (19), Motasingha (10), Mucia (5), Mylon (24), Myrinia (7), Myscelus (35), Mysoria (22), Naevolus (3), Nascus (21), Nastra (18), Neohesperilla (5), Neoxeniades (22), Nerula (3), Netrobalane (2), Netrocoryne (6), Niconiades (20), Nisoniades (54), Noctuana (9), Nosphistia (3), Notocrypta (63), Nyctelius (6), Nyctus (2), Nylla (2), Oarisma (13), Ocella (4), Ochlodes (75), Ochus (3), Ocyba (4), Ocybadistes (19), Odina (8), Odontoptilum (13), Oechydrus (4), Oeonus (3), Oerane (5), Oligoria (5), Onenses (2), Onespa (1), Onophas (5), Onryza (5), Oreisplanus (2), Oriens (25), Orneates (3), Orphe (6), Orses (4), Orthos (8), Osmodes (24), Osphantes (2), Ouleus (29), Oxynetra (10), Oxynthes (4), Paches (14), Pachyneuria (19), Pamba (2), Panca (1), Panoquina (39), Papias (19), Paracarystus (7), Parachoranthus (1), Paracleros (6), Paracogia (1), Paramimus (10), Paratrytone (15), Pardaleodes (15), Parnara (41), Paronymus (5), Parosmodes (6), Parphorus (21), Pasma (2), Passova (19), Pastria (3), Peba (1), Pedesta (10), Pellicia (42), Pelopidas (45), Pemara (1), Penicula (8), Perichares (30), Perrotia (11), Phanis (10), Phanus (8), Phareas (1), Phemiades (7), Pheraeus (14)., Phlebodes (19), Phocides (68), Pholisora (5), Pintara (5), Pirdana (11), Piruna (21), Pithauria (10), Plastingia (13), Platylesches (32), Ploetzia (2), Plumbago (5), Poanes (30), Poanopsis (3), Polites (56), Polyctor (10), Polygonus (11), Polythrix (28), Polytremis (27), Pompeius (21), Porphyrogenes (22), Potamanaxas (34), Potanthus (88), Prada (3), Problema (3), Procampta (1), Procidosa (1), Propertius (4), Prosopalpus (4), Proteides (11), Prusiana (13), Pseudoborbo (5), Pseudocoladenia (2), Pseudocopaeodes (3), Pseudokerana (1), Pseudosarbia (2), Psolos (7), Psoralis (16), Pteroteinon (10), Pudicitia (1), Punta (1), Pyrgus (307), Pyroneura (27), Pyrrhiades (2), Pyrrhocalles (7), Pyrrhochalcia (3), Pyrrhopyge (164), Pyrrhopygopsis (19), Pythonides (38), Quadrus (26), Quedara (10), Quinta (7), Rachana (8), Racta (6), Radiatus (1), Repens (2), Rhabdomantis (3), Rhinthon (8), Ridens (24), Sabera (30), Sabina (2), Sacrator (4), Salanoemia (9), Salatis (13), Saliana (29), Sarangesa (71), Sarbia (13), Sarmientoia (7), Satarupa (18), Saturnus (12), Scobura (11), Sebastonyma (2), Semalea (17), Serdis (13), Seseria (16), Signeta (4), Sodalia (8), Sophista (21),, Sovia (11), Spathilepia (1), Spialia (96), Spioniades (5), Stallingsia (3), Staphylus (82), Stimula (2), Stinga (1), Styriodes (8), Suada (10), Suastus (18), Sucova (2), Suniana (18), Synale (9), Synapte (23), Syrichtus (56), Systasea (6), Tagiades (148), Talides (9), Tapena (4), Taractrocera (52), Tarsoctenus (14), Telemiades (52), Telicota (87), Telles (4), Tellona (2), Teniorhinus (13), Thargella (8), Theagenes (3), Thespieus (48), Thoon (17), Thoressa (33), Thorybes (21), Thracides (22), Thymelicus (79), Tiacellia (1), Tigasis (13), Timochares (6), Timochreon (4), Tirynthia (4), Tirynthoides (5), Tisias (8), Tosta (6), Toxidia (28), Trapezites (25), Trina (6), Tromba (2), Tsitana (7), Turesis (8), Turmada (3), Turnerina (2), Typhedanus (19), Udaspes (3), Udranomia (4), Unkana (15), Urbanus (84), Vacerra (20), Vehilius (32), Venada (1), Venas (3), Vertica (11), Vettius (53), Vidius (16), Vinius (15), Viola (11), Virga (11), Vlasta (4), Wallengrenia (25), Windia (1), Xanthodisca (9), Xanthoneura (7), Xeniades (10), Xenophanes (5), Xispia (2), Yvretta (6), Zalomes (13), Zariaspes (6), Zela (12), Zenis (6), Zenonia (7), Zera (19), Zestusa (4), Zobera (2), Zographetus (17), Zonia (2), Zophopetes (10), Zopyrion (12)

Izvori[uredi VE | uredi]

  1. izv. Wolfgang Dierl, Leptiri, prijevod Paula Dubrešić, Cankarjeva založba, Ljubljana, Zagreb, 1990. ISBN 86-361-0709-1


P biology.png Nedovršeni članak Debeloglavci koji govori o biologiji treba dopuniti. Dopunite ga prema pravilima Wikipedije.