Laktobacili

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Laktobacili
Lactobacillus casei
Lactobacillus casei
Status zaštite
(vidi IUCN-ov crveni popis za kratice)
Sistematika
Carstvo: Bacteria
Koljeno: Firmicutes
Razred: Bacilli
Red: Lactobacillales
Porodica: Lactobacillaceae
Rod: Lactobacillus
Beijerinck 1901

Laktobacili (lat.Lactobacillus; lac, genitiv lactis: mlijeko + bacil), rod grampozitivnih štapićastih bakterija koje šećere razgrađuju u mliječnu kiselinu fermentativnim putem. S pomoću pojedinih vrsta laktobacila dobivaju se različiti proizvodi mliječno-kiseloga vrenja (jogurt, kefir, kiselo mlijeko). Postoji blizu 150 vrsta, a pripadaju koljenu Firmicutes.

Neki laktobacili, sastojci tzv. biojogurta (Lactobacillus reuteri, Lactobacillus rhamnosus), u probavnome traktu proizvode antibakterijske tvari (probiotici: reuterin) koje inhibiraju rast nepoželjnih proteolitičkih bakterija. Laktobacili imaju važnu ulogu u siliranju krmiva, prirodnom konzerviranju zelja i maslina, pretvorbi jabučne u mliječnu kiselinu u vinu (Lactobacillus plantarum), pri zrenju kobasica i salama (L. sakei, L. curvatus, L. plantarum) te u industrijskoj proizvodnji tehničke ili prehrambene mliječne kiseline iz melase i škrobnih hidrolizata (L. delbrueckii) ili sirutke (L. delbrückii ssp. bulgaricus). Također su uzročnici zubnoga karijesa, kvare pivo (L. brevis) i vino te smanjuju prinos u proizvodnji etanola.[1][2]

Vrste[uredi VE | uredi]

  1. Lactobacillus acetotolerans
  2. Lactobacillus acidifarinae
  3. Lactobacillus acidipiscis
  4. Lactobacillus acidophilus
  5. Lactobacillus agilis
  6. Lactobacillus algidus
  7. Lactobacillus alimentarius
  8. Lactobacillus amylolyticus
  9. Lactobacillus amylophilus
  10. Lactobacillus amylotrophicus
  11. Lactobacillus amylovorus
  12. Lactobacillus animalis
  13. Lactobacillus antri
  14. Lactobacillus apodemi
  15. Lactobacillus aquaticus
  16. Lactobacillus aviarius
  17. Lactobacillus bifermentans
  18. Lactobacillus bobalius
  19. Lactobacillus brevis
  20. Lactobacillus buchneri
  21. Lactobacillus cacaonum
  22. Lactobacillus camelliae
  23. Lactobacillus capillatus
  24. Lactobacillus casei
  25. Lactobacillus ceti
  26. Lactobacillus coleohominis
  27. Lactobacillus collinoides
  28. Lactobacillus composti
  29. Lactobacillus concavus
  30. Lactobacillus coryniformis
  31. Lactobacillus crispatus
  32. Lactobacillus crustorum
  33. Lactobacillus curvatus
  34. Lactobacillus delbrueckii
  35. Lactobacillus dextrinicus
  36. Lactobacillus diolivorans
  37. Lactobacillus equi
  38. Lactobacillus equicursoris
  39. Lactobacillus equigenerosi
  40. Lactobacillus fabifermentans
  41. Lactobacillus farciminis
  42. Lactobacillus farraginis
  43. Lactobacillus fermentum
  44. Lactobacillus floricola
  45. Lactobacillus florum
  46. Lactobacillus fornicalis
  47. Lactobacillus fructivorans
  48. Lactobacillus frumenti
  49. Lactobacillus fuchuensis
  50. Lactobacillus futsaii
  51. Lactobacillus gallinarum
  52. Lactobacillus gasseri
  53. Lactobacillus gastricus
  54. Lactobacillus ghanensis
  55. Lactobacillus gigeriorum
  56. Lactobacillus graminis
  57. Lactobacillus hammesii
  58. Lactobacillus hamsteri
  59. Lactobacillus harbinensis
  60. Lactobacillus hayakitensis
  61. Lactobacillus helveticus
  62. Lactobacillus hilgardii
  63. Lactobacillus homohiochii
  64. Lactobacillus hordei
  65. Lactobacillus iners
  66. Lactobacillus ingluviei
  67. Lactobacillus intestinalis
  68. Lactobacillus jensenii
  69. Lactobacillus johnsonii
  70. Lactobacillus kalixensis
  71. Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens
  72. Lactobacillus kefiri
  73. Lactobacillus kimchicus
  74. Lactobacillus kimchii
  75. Lactobacillus kisonensis
  76. Lactobacillus kitasatonis
  77. Lactobacillus koreensis
  78. Lactobacillus kunkeei
  79. Lactobacillus lindneri
  80. Lactobacillus malefermentans
  81. Lactobacillus mali
  82. Lactobacillus manihotivorans
  83. Lactobacillus mindensis
  84. Lactobacillus mucosae
  85. Lactobacillus murinus
  86. Lactobacillus nagelii
  87. Lactobacillus namurensis
  88. Lactobacillus nantensis
  89. Lactobacillus nasuensis
  90. Lactobacillus nodensis
  91. Lactobacillus odoratitofui
  92. Lactobacillus oeni
  93. Lactobacillus oligofermentans
  94. Lactobacillus oris
  95. Lactobacillus otakiensis
  96. Lactobacillus ozensis
  97. Lactobacillus panis
  98. Lactobacillus pantheris
  99. Lactobacillus parabrevis
  100. Lactobacillus parabuchneri
  101. Lactobacillus paracasei
  102. Lactobacillus paracollinoides
  103. Lactobacillus parafarraginis
  104. Lactobacillus parakefiri
  105. Lactobacillus paralimentarius
  106. Lactobacillus paraplantarum
  107. Lactobacillus paucivorans
  108. Lactobacillus pentosus
  109. Lactobacillus perolens
  110. Lactobacillus plantarum
  111. Lactobacillus pobuzihii
  112. Lactobacillus pontis
  113. Lactobacillus psittaci
  114. Lactobacillus rapi
  115. Lactobacillus rennini
  116. Lactobacillus reuteri
  117. Lactobacillus rhamnosus
  118. Lactobacillus rogosae
  119. Lactobacillus rossiae
  120. Lactobacillus ruminis
  121. Lactobacillus saerimneri
  122. Lactobacillus sakei
  123. Lactobacillus salivarius
  124. Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis
  125. Lactobacillus saniviri
  126. Lactobacillus satsumensis
  127. Lactobacillus secaliphilus
  128. Lactobacillus selangorensis
  129. Lactobacillus senioris
  130. Lactobacillus senmaizukei
  131. Lactobacillus sharpeae
  132. Lactobacillus siliginis
  133. Lactobacillus similis
  134. Lactobacillus spicheri
  135. Lactobacillus sucicola
  136. Lactobacillus suebicus
  137. Lactobacillus sunkii
  138. Lactobacillus taiwanensis
  139. Lactobacillus thailandensis
  140. Lactobacillus tucceti
  141. Lactobacillus ultunensis
  142. Lactobacillus uvarum
  143. Lactobacillus vaccinostercus
  144. Lactobacillus vaginalis
  145. Lactobacillus versmoldensis
  146. Lactobacillus vini
  147. Lactobacillus xiangfangensis
  148. Lactobacillus zeae
  149. Lactobacillus zymae

Izvori[uredi VE | uredi]

  1. Laktobacili. Leksikografski zavod Miroslav Krleža pristupljeno 15. srpnja 2019.
  2. Laktobacili. Leksikografski zavod Miroslav Krleža (22. lipnja 2012.) pristupljeno 15. srpnja 2019.
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