American Football Conference

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American Football Conference je konferencija, podliga američkog nogometa. Podijeljena je na 4 divizije gdje u svakoj diviziji igraju po 4 momčadi: Istočna (AFC East), Zapadna (AFC West), Sjeverna (AFC North) i Južna (AFC South). Podjela ne odražava nužno zemljopisni položaj, podosta u podjeli ulogu imaju i rivalstva.

Povijest[uredi VE | uredi]

American Football Conference je nastala 1970. nakon što su se ujedinile National Football League (NFL) i American Football League (AFL) u novu National Football League (NFL). U sastav American Football Conference je ušlo svih 10 klubova iz AFL-a (Boston Patriots, Buffalo Bills, Houston Oilers, Miami Dolphins, New York Jets, Cincinnati Bengals, Kansas City Chiefs, Denver Broncos, San Diego Chargers, Oakland Raiders) te tri momčadi iz NFL-a (Cleveland Browns, Pittsburgh Steelers i Baltimore Colts) te su momčadi podijeljene u tri divizije (AFC East, AFC Central i AFC North). Trinaest originalnih momčadi iz 1970. je i danas prisutno u konferenciji, iako su neke promijenile grad ili naziv (Boston Patriots su danas New England Patriots, Houston Oilers su danas Tennessee Titans, Baltimore Colts današnji Indianapolis Colts, Oakland Raiders su jedno vrijeme bili Los Angeles Raiders, dok Cleveland Browns nisu djelovali u periodu 1996.-1998.).

Članovima AFC-a su još postali:

  • 1976. Tampa Bay Buccaneers (ali su odmah 1977. prešli u NFC
  • 1977. Seattle Seahaks (prešli u NFC 2002.)
  • 1995. Jacksonville Jaguars
  • 1996. Baltimore Ravens
  • 2002. Houston Texans

Od 2002. AFC umjesto tri broji 4 divizije (AFC East, AFC West, AFC North i AFC South).

Momčadi AFC-a[uredi VE | uredi]

U American Football Conference trenutno igra 16 momčadi raspodijeljene u četiri divizije.

Aktivne momčadi
Divizija Momčad Stadion Grad/Područje Sezone Bivči nazivi
momčadi u AFC-u
AFL konferencijski
naslovi
AFL divizijski
naslovi
Istok (AFC East) Buffalo Bills Ralph Wilson Stadium Orchard Park, New York 1970.- 4 East: 7
Miami Dolphins Sun Life Stadium Miami Gardens, Florida (područje Miamija) 1970.- 4 East: 13
New England Patriots Gillette Stadium Foxborough, Massachusetts (područje Bostona) 1970.- Boston Patriots
(1970.)
7 East: 13
New York Jets Meadowlands Stadium East Rutherford, New Jersey (područje New Yorka) 1970.- East: 2
Sjever (AFC North) Baltimore Ravens M&T Bank Stadium Baltimore, Maryland 1996.- 1 North: 3
Cincinnati Bengals Paul Brown Stadium Cincinnati, Ohio 1970.- 2 Central: 5
North: 2
Cleveland Browns Cleveland Browns Stadium Cleveland, Ohio 1970.-1995., 1999.- Central: 6
Pittsburgh Steelers Heinz Field Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 1970.- 8 Central: 15
North: 5
Jug (AFC South) Houston Texans Reliant Stadium Houston, Texas 2002.- South: 1
Indianapolis Colts Lucas Oil Stadium Indianapolis, Indiana 1970.- Baltimore Colts
(1970.-1983.)
3 East: 6
South: 7
Jacksonville Jaguars Jacksonville Municipal Stadium Jacksonville, Florida 1995.- Central: 2
Tennessee Titans LP Field Nashville, Tennessee 1970.- Houston Oilers
(1970.-1996.)
Tennessee Oilers
(1997.-1998.)
1 Central: 3
South: 2
Zapad (AFC West) Denver Broncos Invesco Field at Mile High Denver, Colorado 1970.- 6 West: 11
Kansas City Chiefs Arrowhead Stadium Kansas City, Missouri 1970.- West: 6
Oakland Raiders McAfee Coliseum Oakland, Kalifornija 1970.- Los Angeles Raiders
(1982.-1994.)
4 West: 12
San Diego Chargers Qualcomm Stadium San Diego, California 1970.- 1 West: 10
Bivši članovi AFC-a
Tampa Bay Buccaneers 1976.
Seattle Seahawks 1977.-2001. West: 2

Struktura sezone[uredi VE | uredi]

Vista-xmag.pngPodrobniji članak o temi: National Football League#Struktura sezone

Regularna sezona[uredi VE | uredi]

U regularnoj sezoni svaki tim igra 16 utakmica kroz period od 17 tjedana (od rujna do prosinca). Tradiocionalno se utakmice igraju svako nedjeljno popodne (u 19 sati po našem vremenu), sa iznimkom da se jedna utakmica igra u nedjelju navećer, a druga u ponedjeljak navećer (monday night football). Zadnja tri tjedna u regularnoj sezoni utakmice se igraju i subotom.

Formula po kojoj se takmiće klubovi u NFL-u tokom regularne sezone:

  • Svaki tim igra protiv svakog tima u njegovoj diviziji po dva puta: jednom kod kuće i jednom u gostima (6 utakmica).
  • Svaki tim igra po jednu utakmicu protiv 4 tima iz drugih divizija u njegovoj konferenciji po trogodišnjem rotirajučem principu: dvije utakmice kod kuće, i dvije vani (4 utakmice).
  • Svaki tim igra po jednu utakmicu protiv 4 tima iz drugih divizija u drugoj konferenciji po četverogodišnjem rotirajučem principu: dvije utakmice kod kuće, i dvije vani (4 utakmice).
  • Svaki tim igra dvije utakmice protiv dva tima u njegovoj konferenciji ovisno o dosadašnjim rezultatima sezone: Jednu utakmicu kod kuće i jednu vani.

Ova formula se pokazala vrlo korisnom jer se njome očuvaju stara rivalstva dok se u isto vrijeme stvaraju i nova.

Doigravanje (playoff)[uredi VE | uredi]

Doigravanje traje obično kroz siječanj i početak veljače (doigravanje se uglavnom ne igra u istoj kalendarsjkoj godini sa regularnom sezonom) a u doigravanje ulazi šest momačadi - 4 pobjednika divizija (koji su ovisno o uspješnosti u regularnoj sezoni rangirani kao 1., 2., 3. i 4.-topostavljeni) te dvije momčadi koje imaju najbolji omjer pobjeda i poraza u ligi uz ova četiri prvaka divizija (ove dvije momčadi su rangirane kao 5. i 6.-topostavljena u ovisnosti o regularnoj sezoni). U doigravanju se igra na jednu utakmicu, a domaćin je bolje plasirani tim u regularnoj sezoni.

Konferencijsko doigravanje se igra kroz tri tjedna ovim redoslijedom:

  • Wild Card Playoffs (Wild Card Weekend) - 1st i 2nd seed su slobodni, a utakmicu međusobno za prolaz igraju 3rd i 6th te 4th i 5th seed.
  • Divisional Playoff - pobjednici Wild Card Playoffs) igraju protiv 1st i 2nd seeda, a parovi se određuju tako da 1st seed igra protiv najslabijeg seeda koji je prošao Divisional Playoff
  • Conference Championship - igraji ga pobjednici Divisional Playoff te pobjednik postaje prvakom American Football Conference te ide u Super Bowl protiv prvaka NFC-a za najbolju momčad NFL lige.

AFC konferencijska finala[uredi VE | uredi]

Sezona Prvak Rezultat Finalist Grad Savezna država Stadion
1970/71. Baltimore Colts 27:17 Oakland Raiders Baltimore Maryland Memorial Stadium
1971/72. Miami Dolphins 21:0 Baltimore Colts Miami Florida Miami Orange Bowl
1972/73. Miami Dolphins 21:17 Pittsburgh Steelers Pittsburgh Pennsylvania Three Rivers Stadium
1973/74. Miami Dolphins 21:10 Oakland Raiders Miami Florida Miami Orange Bowl
1974/75. Pittsburgh Steelers 24:13 Oakland Raiders Oakland Kalifornija Oakland Coliseum
1975/76. Pittsburgh Steelers 16:10 Oakland Raiders Pittsburgh Pennsylvania Three Rivers Stadium
1976/77. Oakland Raiders 24:7 Pittsburgh Steelers Oakland Kalifornija Oakland Coliseum
1977/78. Denver Broncos 20:17 Oakland Raiders Denver Colorado Mile High Stadium
1978/79. Pittsburgh Steelers 34:5 Houston Oilers Pittsburgh Pennsylvania Three Rivers Stadium
1979/80. Pittsburgh Steelers 27:13 Houston Oilers Pittsburgh Pennsylvania Three Rivers Stadium
1980/81. Oakland Raiders 34:27 San Diego Chargers San Diego Kalifornija Qualcomm Stadium
1981/82. Cincinnati Bengals 27:7 San Diego Chargers Cincinnati Ohio Riverfront Stadium
1982/83. Miami Dolphins 14:0 New York Jets Miami Florida Miami Orange Bowl
1983/84. Los Angeles Raiders 30:14 Seattle Seahawks Los Angeles Kalifornija Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
1984/85. Miami Dolphins 45:28 Pittsburgh Steelers Miami Florida Miami Orange Bowl
1985/86. New England Patriots 31:14 Miami Dolphins Miami Florida Miami Orange Bowl
1986/87. Denver Broncos 23:20 Cleveland Browns Cleveland Ohio Cleveland Municipal Stadium
1987/88. Denver Broncos 38:33 Cleveland Browns Denver Colorado Mile High Stadium
1988/89. Cincinnati Bengals 21:10 Buffalo Bills Cincinnati Ohio Riverfront Stadium
1989/90. Denver Broncos 37:21 Cleveland Browns Denver Colorado Mile High Stadium
1990/91. Buffalo Bills 51:3 Los Angeles Raiders Orchard Park New York Ralph Wilson Stadium
1991/92. Buffalo Bills 27:10 Denver Broncos Orchard Park New York Ralph Wilson Stadium
1992/93. Buffalo Bills 29:10 Miami Dolphins Miami Florida Joe Robbie Stadium
1993/94. Buffalo Bills 30:13 Kansas City Chiefs Orchard Park New York Ralph Wilson Stadium
1994/95. San Diego Chargers 17:13 Pittsburgh Steelers Pittsburgh Pennsylvania Three Rivers Stadium
1995/96. Pittsburgh Steelers 20:16 Indianapolis Colts Pittsburgh Pennsylvania Three Rivers Stadium
1996/97. New England Patriots 20:6 Jacksonville Jaguars Foxboro Massachusetts Foxboro Stadium
1997/98. Denver Broncos 24:21 Pittsburgh Steelers Pittsburgh Pennsylvania Three Rivers Stadium
1998/99. Denver Broncos 23:10 New York Jets Denver Colorado Mile High Stadium
1999/00. Tennessee Titans 33:14 Jacksonville Jaguars Jacksonville Florida Jacksonville Municipal Stadium
2000/01. Baltimore Ravens 16:3 Oakland Raiders Oakland Kalifornija Oakland Coliseum
2001/02. New England Patriots 24:17 Pittsburgh Steelers Pittsburgh Pennsylvania Heinz Field
2002/03. Oakland Raiders 41:24 Tennessee Titans Oakland Kalifornija Oakland Coliseum
2003/04. New England Patriots 24:14 Indianapolis Colts Foxboro Massachusetts Gillette Stadium
2004/05. New England Patriots 41:27 Pittsburgh Steelers Pittsburgh Pennsylvania Heinz Field
2005/06. Pittsburgh Steelers 34:17 Denver Broncos Denver Colorado Invesco Field at Mile High
2006/07. Indianapolis Colts 38:34 New England Patriots Indianapolis Indiana RCA Dome
2007/08. New England Patriots 21:12 San Diego Chargers Foxboro Massachusetts Gillette Stadium
2008/09. Pittsburgh Steelers 23:14 Baltimore Ravens Pittsburgh Pennsylvania Heinz Field
2009/10. Indianapolis Colts 30:17 New York Jets Indianapolis Indiana Lucas Oil Stadium
2010/11. Pittsburgh Steelers 24-19 New York Jets Pittsburgh Pennsylvania Heinz Field
2011/12. New England Patriots 23-20 Baltimore Ravens Gillette Stadium Foxborough Massachusetts
2012/13.

Prvaci AFC divizija[uredi VE | uredi]

Sezona AFC East (Istok)
1970.-
AFC Central (Središnja)
1970.-2001.
AFC West (Zapad)
1970.-
AFC North (Sjever)
2002.-
AFC South (Jug)
2002.-
1970. Baltimore Colts Cincinnati Bengals Oakland Raiders
1971. Miami Dolphins Cleveland Browns Kansas City Chiefs
1972. Miami Dolphins Pittsburgh Steelers Oakland Raiders
1973. Miami Dolphins Cincinnati Bengals Oakland Raiders
1974. Miami Dolphins Pittsburgh Steelers Oakland Raiders
1975. Baltimore Colts Pittsburgh Steelers Oakland Raiders
1976 Baltimore Colts Pittsburgh Steelers Oakland Raiders
1977. Baltimore Colts Pittsburgh Steelers Denver Broncos
1978. New England Patriots Pittsburgh Steelers Denver Broncos
1979. Miami Dolphins Pittsburgh Steelers San Diego Chargers
1980. Buffalo Bills Cleveland Browns San Diego Chargers
1981. Miami Dolphins Cincinnati Bengals San Diego Chargers
1982. Nisu dodijeljeni divizijski naslovi radi lock-outa
1983. Miami Dolphins Pittsburgh Steelers Los Angeles Raiders
1984. Miami Dolphins Pittsburgh Steelers Denver Broncos
1985. Miami Dolphins Cleveland Browns Los Angeles Raiders
1986. New England Patriots Cleveland Browns Denver Broncos
1987. Indianapolis Colts Cleveland Browns Denver Broncos
1988. Buffalo Bills Cincinnati Bengals Seattle Seahawks
1989. Buffalo Bills Cleveland Browns Denver Broncos
1990. Buffalo Bills Cincinnati Bengals Los Angeles Raiders
1991. Buffalo Bills Houston Oilers Denver Broncos
1992. Miami Dolphins Pittsburgh Steelers San Diego Chargers
1993. Buffalo Bills Houston Oilers Kansas City Chiefs
1994. Miami Dolphins Pittsburgh Steelers San Diego Chargers
1995. Buffalo Bills Pittsburgh Steelers Kansas City Chiefs
1996. New England Patriots Pittsburgh Steelers Denver Broncos
1997. New England Patriots Pittsburgh Steelers Kansas City Chiefs
1998. New York Jets Jacksonville Jaguars Denver Broncos
1999. Indianapolis Colts Jacksonville Jaguars Seattle Seahawks
2000. Miami Dolphins Tennessee Titans Oakland Raiders
2001. New England Patriots Pittsburgh Steelers Oakland Raiders
2002. New York Jets Oakland Raiders Pittsburgh Steelers Tennessee Titans
2003. New England Patriots Kansas City Chiefs Baltimore Ravens Indianapolis Colts
2004. New England Patriots San Diego Chargers Pittsburgh Steelers Indianapolis Colts
2005. New England Patriots Denver Broncos Cincinnati Bengals Indianapolis Colts
2006. New England Patriots San Diego Chargers Baltimore Ravens Indianapolis Colts
2007. New England Patriots San Diego Chargers Pittsburgh Steelers Indianapolis Colts
2008. Miami Dolphins San Diego Chargers Pittsburgh Steelers Tennessee Titans
2009. New England Patriots San Diego Chargers Cincinnati Bengals Indianapolis Colts
2010. New England Patriots Kansas City Chiefs Pittsburgh Steelers Indianapolis Colts
2011. New England Patriots Denver Broncos Baltimore Ravens Houston Texans
2012.

Vidi još[uredi VE | uredi]


Wilsonnflfootball.png Nedovršeni članak American Football Conference koji govori o američkom nogometu treba dopuniti. Dopunite ga prema pravilima Wikipedije.